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Bizarre: Coronavirus and the Number 33

This is the updated list as of March 6, 2020.

Got this from here http://itnt.news/1608
submitted by tommymbargo to conspiracy [link] [comments]

THE BLUEPRINT FOR FIXING AMERICA SOONER RATHER THAN AFTER IT IS TOO LATE

BEFORE going further with this, bear in mind it was a response to the previous post "WHAT IF LIBERTY WAS ATTACHED TO HUMANITY" and perhaps one might read that long list of QUESTIONS FOR HUMANITY before diving into issues on how one might repair our corner of the world...onward...
Some people claim we are beyond a "tipping point" of no return. This analysis is commonly applied to global warming to describe the melting permafrost that is releasing methane gas which is believed to be 100 times more potent and lasting than carbon dioxide in causing global warming from the greenhouse effect. Others apply the "tipping point" idea to America's national debt; stating that if we switched from our fiat currency back to a gold standard, we couldn't pay off the interest, let alone our debt, based on current exports and GDP figures. Therefore, we have become a patently bankrupt nation contrary to the principles Thomas Jefferson and others warned us to follow to avoid the use of credit. A bankrupt America in a world of currencies based on a tangible asset like gold or levels of exports would be unable to purchase oil to feed our pathetic industries, let alone our levels of consumer consumption of energy. I managed to get through 2016 without using a drop of petroleum, propane or any other non-renewable source of energy. I studied and invested in solar and wind and it took me more than a decade to select and test the appliances, like a low wattage crock pot placed in an insulated cooler, to learn how to maximize my ability to live on minimal power. Americans don't have a decade to spare.
Denmark did it well. They invested in wind and now boast regions with little or no use for petroleum; which is at the heart of both global environmental destruction, loss of rainforests, pollution of rivers, oceans, aquifers and war, which leaves its own lasting toxic landscape, enormous national debt, widespread death, loss of culture, physical and emotional scars. If poor little Denmark can cure its ills, why can't America accelerate our transition to renewables, save a bundle along the way and reduce our desire or need to engage in wars related to acquiring petroleum reserves, or our need to retain a fiat currency required to fund wars, oil purchases, bribe foreign officials and our own elected leaders. If the spigot of free money were removed, would America be as corrupt as it is today, or as destructive worldwide, as we've become?
I believe part of the "Blueprint for fixing America" involves ridding ourselves of the patently corrupt, financially inept Federal Reserve and if possible, dismantling the BIS, IMF and World Bank, or at the least, installing a series of common sense policies to both upgrade these systems, regulate their actions through intelligent policies designed by a political body that relies on both public opinion through debates and analysis of performance driven QC metrics. The system of printing treasuries and taxing citizens was born, not from political debate or even a public vote, but by a small corrupt group in Congress and our banking system a century ago. It has failed to produce a healthy, debt free nation; the imperialism it funded has failed to produce a healthy, democratic, environmentally sustainable world, or even a world that views America as a true democracy, rather than the brutish arm of global corporations, and it has failed to produce a stronger middle class in America. Therefore, after 100 years of failures, perhaps it is time to replace the defective financial systems and taxes which fund defective military campaigns and patently defective, if not murderous systems of politics.
What will replace "fiat currencies" remains to be seen, though models based on gold, silver and copper seemed to work pretty well before, and future models, such as bitcoin, or credits based on real production of exports, or levels of kwh power from renewables might also prove viable; something, anything, based on a real, tangible asset would be an improvement as it would eliminate the ability of a corrupt banker to simply press a button, create money from thin air, instantly indebting citizens of a nation seen as instant inflation, and then instantly buy their land or bribe their politicians: A person, corporation or group utilizing money for illegal activities would have to actually perform some kind of work to acquire it. Not so the case today.
Whether it is to fix our energy policies, our role of the military in global affairs, our rapidly deteriorating environment, rapidly expanding levels of poverty, homelessness or levels of toxins we are exposed to either from the environment or self-ingested through legal and illegal drugs, our rapidly deteriorating mental health, intellectual capacity, shrinking middle class and standard of living; no matter what the policy is in America that needs to be changed, we aren't changing fast enough. We are like a deer caught in the headlights of a speeding automobile. The revelations of just how corrupt and dysfunctional our government, political and economic systems are has only recently been exposed to those who will study and analyze the evidence, and its so shocking they are either paralyzed or ineffective in bringing about effective change. You can't blame them too much. Faced with a new huge problem we really weren't aware of 20 years ago, and now faced with the prospect of trying to educate a sufficient body of Americans to create the change we must, the proponents for change stumble around testing different solutions; and more often than not, they fail.
That is expected. Democracy as proposed by our Founding Fathers was the first of its kind and is an experiment. Experiments don't always work as planned; usually they do not. The trick in this democratic experiment is to recover before its too late. Whether or not we are past a tipping point is somewhat irrelevant as long as we don't give up. We must continue to innovate, to remain optimistic that we can and will prevail; and remain dedicated to the idea that our form of democracy can be shaped into a true popular democracy where every voice counts, where corporations cannot sway us from an honorable path, where people in other nations can become proud in their own quest to emulate our experiment in democracy without the need for our military to force our current corrupt brand of democracy on their citizens. That process has only exposed our defects to a wider geographic landscape and hardened the resolve of many citizens against mirroring America's brand of democracy. As that resistance continues to increase, our military will find it increasingly difficult to find willing souls in each nation who will undermine governments; and therefore our military and corrupt corporate agenda will need to employ hired guns to execute agendas; witness ISIS and CIA funding to topple Syria. In the old days it was easy to find citizens within a nation who were eager to bring American ideals to overthrow a brutal dictator. Today, the people of Syria living under a patently defective leader would prefer that brand of freedom to anything an "American Democracy" might represent. Today, the American brand of Democracy, as a valued export for nations to acquire, is worth less than toxic toilet paper. Dumping nuclear waste on a foreign nation would be less harmful and they know it.
Its not that the original design of our democracy was either dishonorable, nor was it a bad idea or even poorly designed. In its day it was brilliant and even today it is far superior to the democracy Americans live with daily. We don't have a real voice in the process of electing our President, nor do we have a real voice in the way Congress operates, nor a real voice in the various emerging "secret courts" that increasingly preside over the actions of citizens, nor a real voice in public spending policies that are bankrupting future generations who have even less, if any voice, even faster than they are bankrupting current generations of our young in their 20's, who are far poorer than the older generation who at least had a chance at home ownership and developing a profitable business under some "free", "capitalistic", "market driven" middle class system that is all but gone in America today. What we are witnessing is not only a rapidly shrinking middle class and rapidly expanding population of impoverished, but a rapidly evaporating system of democracy, rapid expansion of our national debt and destruction of the global environment all taking place at the same time.
Its an interlocking series of events that are quite telling in their synergistic effect on each other, yet complex enough to defy our ability to manage today's crisis du jure, let alone plan and execute an intelligent series of steps to bring a halt to these grave trends and thereafter, create a thriving, financially solvent, reasonably moral, non-violent America that can again become a shining beacon of Democracy for all the world to emulate without force; rather by simply becoming envious of our prosperity and the success of our middle class. Today, any envy foreigners might hold for American ideals are primarily focused on the celebs, and a level of wealth, few global citizens will ever attain; nor should they try. The lifestyle of the rich and famous is patently unsustainable and not very good for the financial health of a nation or the environment. Wealth in and of itself is no more evil than a car used in a bank robbery. Wealth, when properly applied can build schools, buy solar panels or wind turbines, or create innovative R&D facilities to invent new technologies that can foster new businesses and provide more Yankee exports. On the other hand, wealth applied to bribe politicians, build leaky oil pipelines or systems that pollute groundwater, or simply to buy a $50,000 dress for a Grammy Award ceremony is dangerous, destructive folly.
Therefore, part of the path out of this mess needs to be a sense of modesty and reality based on what we've learned in the past 200 years about gross decadence and the ability of large groups of citizens to become easily hypnotized by fabulous levels of wealth most of them will never attain. Perhaps in a class entitled Personal Econ 101 we should both encourage people to develop ideas, invent, market, sell and manage a personal business, and include a section on prudent personal policies on how to manage their new found wealth; race tracks, casinos, bars and brothels are probably not good habits to hold if you expect to build and retain a thriving business, or nurture a reasonably sane, healthy family to carry your business and wealth forward to future generations. Teaching kids in any nation to acquire wealth merely so they can buy a new black beamer is not conducive to creating a sustainable society, sustainable financial policies, a sustainable environment, nor a sustainable government or society. Modesty, education and the prudent application of technology, financial resources, labor and mined or manufactured assets all have their place in creating a sustainable world or fixing what ails America and the world today.
It is unfortunate, though easily predictable, that current generations all around the planet have generally lost all hope in obtaining that kind of world. They understand the government corruption; they see through the American Democratic farse and in their minds, if that enlightened nation is but a brutish scam based on corrupt political figures, extortion and murder, what hope does any human have of finding any peace or prosperity in any land? The result is an increasingly predatory nature of our tweens, teens, young adults and even middle aged folks who should know better, but are almost just as selfish and short-sighted as the desensitized generations raised on bloody TV and video games. Murder isn't really so bad as long as you're on the right side of the barrel; its expected in today's world. Get over it.
We have become a mentally sick species destined to extinction if we don't change that attitude. We are living in the 6th great extinction and there is no guarantee our species will survive the process; in fact, some historians and anthropologists note there is a group of wealthy elite who are encouraging a mass die off to bring the human population down to 100M to perhaps 1B from the 7B level today. Perhaps we should let them proceed. Perhaps the earth will be better off after that horror show is over; but the really big question then becomes, if that sick group who would wage global genocide and continued environmental destruction to accomplish their agenda is the primary ruling elite after the bloodbath, what sort of future for habitats, let alone our own species, can we expect from that twisted group?
Its another global problem staring us, the educated, enlightened 21st Century Human in the face, like headlights in the eyes of a deer; and we just don't have all the answers required to put humanity and the planet, or even our own nation, back on a predictable, moral, ethical, sustainable course. And so life in the 21st Century has become a giant hedonistic free-for-all suicide party; the population of predators and sociopaths is growing at a logarithmic rate, while those who would embrace charitable or democratic ideals are quickly being marginalized, or easily used and abused by those with power and money to do so. I personally believe the only way to halt, then reverse these dire trends is for the few remaining souls with a moral compass to unite and develop an action plan to first fix America. But with so many internal challenges, and personality conflicts even between "good souls"; we have failed to unite, we have failed to even be able to clearly identify people of moral fiber, as the many wolves in sheep's clothing are all around us. Recently I did a cursory audit of a huge, wealthy environmental group aimed at "saving dolphins, oceans and the environment", and found they had neither the wisdom to create prudent policies, nor any real effective activity, save their ability to sell t-shirts and expand their member base and revenue streams; very sad.
And so the blueprint to cure America must include QC metrics; how many kids passed a high level math test as a result of your after school, charter school or public school program? How many of them are employed while in college because they clearly understand the student loan program in the U.S. is a patently defective system designed to enslave them? How many understand that trappings of financial slavery and are attempting to live intelligently within their modest means, rather than "...spend money they don't have for things they don't need." (George Carlin).
We need to teach our young that the hypnotic glitz and glamour of the celebs and elite is not nearly as nourishing as a camping trip to a pristine forest that we need to keep pristine. We need to teach them that throwing money at an environmental charity is not quite as effective as simply picking up your trash, as well as some extra trash when visiting a beach. We need to teach them that car pooling is both fun and profitable, and we need to teach them that mending clothing to squeeze the last day out of a pair of shorts can be financially more sustainable and even a lot sexier than trying to acquire a $500 leather jacket, or 7 inch plastic pump cowboy boots. We need to find our roots as a blue collar worker, and Ag sector economy, rather than a nation of dog walkers, maids and gardeners serving the wealthy.
Unfortunately, the population of families able to make a living in the Ag sector is also vaporizing, due to regs related to GMO seeds and USDA policies that have almost eliminated the ability of small farmers to survive. Meanwhile, our blue collar "MAKE SOMETHING USEFUL" jobs are all being outsourced to overseas sweat shops, as are our innovative White Collar Silicon Valley jobs in a world of a rising population of programmers, leaving only a dwindling white collar sector of financial management jobs (who produce few if any useful, tangible, sustainable products we really need, save a thriving toxic derivative market), and a bunch of dog walkers and real estate agents who only sell what already existed; a bit of dirt with some wood and a splash of new paint - the American Home - which is a center for consumption, doesn't actually produce anything useful, including intelligent, caring, charitable kids with any sort of skill set required to fix our nation, let alone our planet. I know of mothers who are so so so proud their son or daughter is a top notch dance champion, and as a musician, I am proud to be able to play rock, jazz or classical piano pieces, even sometimes at public gigs, but if I didn't make something tangible, useful, sustainable during the bulk of the hours in my week I'd feel useless; I'd just be another consumer instead of someone who manufactures SOMETHING tangible that others can use to both improve their standard of living, and reduce their impact on the environment.
Folks who install solar panels do that sort of "honorable, ethical, blue collar work". Granted, they aren't manufacturing something, but at least they are doing some work that leaves a real, tangible asset on a structure that has the immediate effect of reducing America's reliance on petroleum; and that has long-term, positive financial and environmental consequences for the family, community and nation. Turning back to our stellar "Entertainer" kids, or kids studying to become real estate agents, you have to wonder if those grads will be surprised when they wind up as baggers at a grocery store trying to pay down a student loan that will never end, while paying off child support payments for kids they couldn't afford, nor spent time with to educate them on what mistakes to avoid, (nor ever went camping with them to teach them the value of minimalism, or pristine environments), while paying for social programs like Social Security and Obamacare our poor, bankrupt nation that exports almost nothing simply cannot afford. I praise our artists for their studious habits and wonderfully inspiring productions, cutting edge journalism and screen plays that cause us to reflect on ourselves and humanities journey through time; but with an overwhelming onslaught of advertising, high fashion, porn and violence, it might be prudent for every artist to also hold down a "day job", at least part-time, that actually contributed to creating a more financial, environmental and ethically solvent America. Even a part-time daily contribution by every breathing American towards these objectives might help reverse dire trends and create a united population of educated citizens who both care and are doing something constructive to counter-balance our highly destructive, unsustainable way of life today. Parents and schools need to educate kids on balancing selfish, personal agendas with activities that contribute to society in real, tangible production of products and services focused on deploying technologies that move America towards curing our ills before the "tipping point" trends running amuck today topple us over.
The "Stockdale Principle" outlined in the book Good To Great embodies some of these ideals; taking a harsh, honest audit of where we are today and then designing effective management plans to get through the horrid state of affairs and emerge victorious through action based on optimism, and not Pollyanna optimism alone, nor on a fatalistic, hedonistic, careless, if not predatory attitude that seems to enshrine American values at every level of our society. A little discipline is a good thing, when balanced with creative abandon to invent something no one has seen before. A champagne party to celebrate a financial victory is probably also a good thing, IF - key word - you actually accomplished something that helps heal the world or provided some relief to your local community, our nation or a wetlands marsh. Drinking champagne every Sunday morning or buying a new pair of 7 inch plastic pumps just because your debit/credit card allowed it, and you think you deserve it after a 60 hour work week, is a rather short-sighted, if not myopic way of life based on endless consumption, that ignores the increasingly pressing problems of your life, your local community and the global village we all share. Perhaps that $10.00 price you paid for that cocktail might have made a difference had you had saved it to buy a PC keyboard for a child without a computer. Perhaps that $49.00 price for those dress shoes you didn't really need would have been better spent on buying a motherboard for a kid who could learn to install that board into a recycled, dented desktop case, then plug in that new keyboard you also bought them, and build their own PC, complete with a recycled monitor that was headed for a landfill and is now part of a child's at-home education system. Perhaps the parent in that home might remind their child with prudent guidance, that WHEN their math homework was done, THEN they can spend a short time playing some video game on that PC, before they move on to complete their history and science homework, and further remind them that if they fail to keep their grades up, that suite of video games can be uninstalled or blocked altogether. Perhaps instead of turning on the TV to gather the family, which only serves to fracture the family after kids begin wanting consumer items they can't afford, so they begin exploring methods of acquiring capital, like drug dealing in alleys, parents would leave the TV off and focus their energy on helping their kids get through those homework assignments, learn a little math, science and history along the way, learn what it means to create a sustainable home, community and financially solvent nation, and clearly learn what happens if we do not. Perhaps if more parents spent more time educating their kids, and got smarter along the way, more American adults would realize just how under water our nation is, and with some hope derived from that education, learn to fix the mess in their own lives one step at a time.
Its a tall order and I am not sure Americans are willing to give up their baseball games or detective dramas in exchange for spending several hours each evening exploring socially relevant topics; whether political, scientific, or even charitable. But if American consumers don't modify their behavior and levels of consumption, and their hit list of acquisitions, most of which are unattainable due to our shrinking middle class and utter lack of any export industry able to finance our debt without utilizing our defective, bankrupt, imploding global system of fiat currencies; there is no hope for the generation that follows who will repeat the same mistakes because they don't know any better, or weren't educated soon enough to avoid those same mistakes. The painful truth is that as our society finds it increasingly difficult to acquire these sought after luxuries, and we continue to plunge into the financial abyss and political chaos of a third-world nation, we will have both blown the once-in-a-species democratic experiment, and our own ingenious potential to both cure our nation and help heal the planet torn by the industrial age and environmental destruction that is the legacy of a petroleum age.
Petroleum was a blessing and a curse. It allowed a great global brain trust of 7 billion to be created and all the wonderful technology that mass invented, along with 7 billion mouths to feed and feet to shoe, who unfortunately also want 7 billion shiny black beamers we can't afford to build, let alone fuel. Elon Musk of Tesla once said to build 500,000 EV's would require all the lithium the planet can produce. Therefore, we need to invent and deploy another alternative and do so quickly, and while we're at it, utilize simple, affordable, practical technologies and habits like car pooling, mass transit and shopping only for what we really need, while recycling as much as possible, and ensuring our time spent is focused on educating our young so they don't make the same mistakes our generation did. All of these fundamental changes are part of healing America and the planet we all share and whether or not we do it or embrace it, the reality is this Spartan lifestyle IS coming sooner, rather than later, to every community on earth. Get used to it. Get used to the pain of rapid change and a deteriorating social fabric, social services, a rise in unethical, predatory conduct on every front, and a high risk for a rapid implosion and die off of humanity that will be horrific. This IS our future if we do not mend our ways and no amount of technology can save us from wanton, unbridled consumerism, or our universal tendency to ignore harsh realities. A little discipline and practical, effective planning, balanced with our artistic, humanitarian and spiritual agendas is required.
So, curing what ails America is a complex idea that won't be completed by simply electing another corrupt official. You can't cure America by electing a new Mayor, Governor, Congressman or President. You won't accomplish it by switching banks or moving to a community sponsored credit union. You won't do it by simply installing solar on your roof and then pouring yourself a glass of champagne to celebrate the money you'll save on your electric bill or patting yourself on the back for reducing your need for petroleum, nor should you put the money you might save by car pooling into a fund for your annual trip to a Vegas casino where you can blow it in a weekend of heated hedonistic abandon. That sort of wreckless behavior might make sense to a 20 something kid who has never dropped five grand on a crap table, but in today's world that population of wealthy empowered young is also evaporating, and for the rest of us, prudence should guide nearly every action on this high wire act of trying to save humanity from itself. One good mistake, or worse, a continued series of imprudent mistakes, is all that is required to blow our last chance to avert the economic storm already at our door. In fact we don't even need to make a mistake; just continue on as we are doing today and there is little hope of any real, effective change for the better anything in the next 100 - 500 years of humanity's journey on this earth.
Since much of this transformation must embody fundamental changes in how our federal government operates and the QC metrics that need to be installed to change its underlying principles of operation, bloated budgets, imperialistic campaigns and lack of focus on improving the plight of America's middle class, let alone provide much relief for America's impoverished, I suggest that a huge part of "the cure" involves finding and installing politicians who can "Get 'er done". We haven't seen anything like that anywhere in America for several decades, if not for more than a century. Sure, there are a few rare politicians who actually have a reasonably solvent, financially prudent, moral, ethical, perhaps even legal game plan, but they are quickly overwhelmed and marginalized, frustrated or assassinated, or through some other means, ejected from office; a process which leaves only the corrupt or inept left behind. This begs the question, "Would America's recovery be accelerated if a popular driven vote of no confidence by citizens could quickly remove politician's from office?" I don't mean impeaching a President after a billion dollar televised trial that requires Congress to stop dead in its tracks to handle a process that distracts them from more critical resolutions, rather I mean that if 60%, 70%, 80% or more Americans were polled each month, and were found to absolutely PRESS THE REJECT BUTTON, then the President in the Oval Office bowed out on Friday, the V.P. took the hot seat, we held an impromptu election to replace them from viable candidates, and the same rapid, low-cost process was enacted for Congress, State Governors and Legislators, County Supervisors and our Mayors and any other elected official. Put another way; when 80% of your constituents think you're doing a crappy job, odds are you saw that figure rising and the moment it hit 51% the warning shot was fired over your bow. When it hit 70% you had a hole in your boat and probably should have both modified your course and began polling citizens, civic planners, scientists, artists; hippies, bankers, anyone and everyone, on what you might do to improve your performance, and heal your reputation by delivering real solutions to real problems citizens are faced with every single day.
Granted, a rapid change in high level leadership can create chaos; but we already have that today, so there's no big loss there. Granted, Americans can be a fickle group and a popular President today can easily become vilified the moment the food stamp program get slashed, or health insurance rates take a hike. Granted, if our currency goes into a freefall, as many economists predict, and we can't get the oil we need, if we begin experiencing brown outs and black outs like many developing nations endure daily, and if our highways continue to deteriorate just like our system of healthcare, ag and manufacturing sectors, its going to be pretty tough to stay in the Oval Office when such a system of rapid REJECTION is in place. That said, these negative trends are already with us across the board and I don't see either Presidential Candidate really mentally capable of fixing any of them; not one. To assume Hillary will fix things is insane; she's a known felon with absolutely no remorse, and though not convicted in a court of law, every American paying attention knows it. To assume Donald can fix it is to believe a businessman who often bases his profits and retained earnings on bankruptcy laws, and who would alienate a huge Latin American population, gays, women - name the group - is equally insane. Donald might actually be good for America, as he might be able to gut a lot of the bloat in government today, but at the end of the day, would you rather have a surgeon or a wreckless butcher performing your open heart surgery?
The answer, I believe, is to enact a series of laws that require a politician at any level to step aside quickly when a massive, popular vote of NO CONFIDENCE appears; whether its a poll taken weekly, then summarized and enacted upon on a monthly or quarterly basis, or whether we simply employ such a law to regulate Congress, quickly removing Legislators who refuse to impeach any President who acquires a massive level of public wrath measured by frequent, regular, popular vote driven surveys managed by a known, impartial, trusted audit team; i.e. your local librarian staff. Perhaps if the libraries around the nation benefited financially from educating our young and at the same time, acting as a central community gathering place for political and charitable action committees, we'd see some improvements. Frank Zappa said "If you want to get laid, go to college. If you want an education, go to a library." and with the emergence of google, wikipedia and thankfully, the retention of libraries in our culture, there's little or no excuse for Americans not to continue obtaining an education, especially during this period of national crisis.
With the technology that exists TODAY there's little or no excuse for failing to develop the polls, surveys and rapid voting mechanisms that would provide politicians with a "HOW AM I DOING?" answer, and if a rapid REJECT mechanism was built into every political office, things would probably get better much faster than any other method we could devise. Put another way; a drunk surgeon shows up to do your heart surgery and you happen to wake up just as they have begun cutting you open. You realize that person is patently unqualified to both perform the job ahead, let alone care for your life along the way. No matter how many other expert healthcare professionals might be present, wouldn't you vote to "STOP EVERYTHING. EJECT THIS CLOWN AND BRING IN ANOTHER SOBER, QUALIFIED TEAM LEADER?".
Do you really think repairing our fragile, torn, crippled, dying nation is any less critical than your open heart surgery? Do you realize Washington D.C. has one of, if not the highest rate of alcoholism in our country? That's a huge "in-your-face" clue as to why things are as bad as they are in our nation and communities today.
We have TV shows like the Apprentice or Survivor where only the best make it to the final episode. As Donald himself knows all too well, substandard performance gets you "FIRED!". There's no big trial; no long expensive paperwork trail. Its done with a smile, perhaps a pat on the back for those good things you were able to accomplish early on, but if you lack the stamina or ingenuity or prudence to continue making progress, guess what? You're done. Get out. Let someone else take the ball and run from wherever we are towards the goal line.
Some will argue, and rightly so, that in a nation where the top political leader can be rotated like a pair of shoes, the only real power lies in a military Junta of corrupt, power hungry Generals and those who serve them or are "taken out". Well, if you've intimately studied American politics, that's what we have today anyway. Get a clue. Ike warned us about the Industrial Military Complex, wives of military officers and the officers themselves have come forward and revealed the way things work, so its no big surprise to see Obama swearing he's going to reduce deployment, then not long after he's in office, continue America's occupation in foreign lands. Its no big surprise to see every nation on earth condemn Israel for the situation in Palestine, and then see the U.S. is the only nation to veto resolutions that might force Israel to mend its ways. Its no surprise to see Orthodox Jews making overtures with Iran, while the government of Israel and Hillary threaten to bomb Iran into oblivion. It is no surprise to see rising rosters of homeless in America while we spend trillions fighting wars to acquire oil at a time in human history when we've already proven we can get all the energy we need to run entire nations from wind and solar projects; if we actually built them.
And so the question of whether or not a rapid rotation of Presidents or Congressmen, Governors or Mayors might lead to a nation led by military leaders has already been answered; we already are. Perhaps only by putting someone in the Oval Office who understands this problem early on can we expect American streets to look less like battle grounds, and American Cops to look and act less like U.S. troops in Iraq. I may be wrong, but the system in place is patently corrupt, patently defective and completely ineffective. Whatever Democracy and America were SUPPOSED to be 200 plus years later it surely has not become.
The solution? Throw the bums out and do it with less fanfare, less budget and less lost time. Hey, we might even make a weekly TV show out of it. Why do we have to wait forever for a State Of The Union address? When a nation is as messed up as we are today, a weekly 15 - 30 minute BOARD MEETING with American Stakeholders - every citizen - seems more appropriate. Like any board meeting, it should cover Old Business; i.e. programs being implemented and their QC Metrics produced by third party citizen bodies, and available online for download and analysis, and New Business, proposals for new programs, budgets, and a selection of innovative ideas that were gathered from the citizens themselves. A true representative of Americans would embrace their people, their ideas, their audits, and actively seek their opinions of their performance in office. A true representative of Americans wouldn't need a LAW to leave office if they knew their performance sucked and an overwhelming majority of Americans wanted them out; they'd just apologize - quickly - and step aside.
And so the BLUEPRINT to fix America quickly, if not in time to avoid a complete meltdown, probably includes a rapid REJECT/RE-ELECT process. Its like a Jehovah Witness I know explained, as they are looking for good honest souls; "You have to sift through a lot of mud to find a few flakes of gold." Its a lot like the kids I teach in hard-core neighborhoods; you have A students, B students and F students. Very few kids are C or D students for long in a well run class. They are either encouraged and want to learn, and soon rise to the B or A level, or they are not encouraged or lack the desire and in a well run class they fail within a week or two and are asked to go spend their time in some class, some where, that they actually want to participate in. There is little sense in wasting time trying to teach a kid something they really do not wish to learn. The old saying "You can't teach a Pig to sing; you waste your time and just annoy the Pig." applies.
And so the BLUEPRINT also means putting the right students in the right classes, and ensuring ALL STUDENTS understand the value of useful, productive work that requires skills America needs to remain competitive; unfortunately, ballet isn't one of them. If a kid wants to learn to play guitar or piano; great. Let them learn it like I did and study at home after finishing their math and science homework. They'll know it better and learn it faster at les cost than mommy having to spend hundreds or even thousands on piano lessons or instruments for a school marching band. I was also in a marching, orchestra and jazz band and while I have fond memories of it and wish America was so wealthy it could continue to afford these types of electives, those days are long gone. WHEN we have a balanced budget and WHEN we have kids no longer living in cars with their mothers anywhere in America - and I mean ANYWHERE - and WHEN we have cured our nation of our addiction to oil and plastic clothing; WHEN we have enough spare renewable energy to drive desalination plants to irrigate our fields to replace the crops lost due to global warming and ever-widening regions of drought, and WHEN we have desalination plants - 100's if not 1,000's of them - that do not produce dead zones from brine discharge, do not run by burning coal, LNG, petroleum, or require any process that produces nuclear waste; WHEN we have a planet that is not engaged in wars over in ground assets used to drive unsustainable economies and consumer practices, and WHEN we have Judges, Mayors, School Teachers, Governors, Legislators and Presidents all keenly aware that if they screw up a POPULAR VOICE can hand them a Pink Slip in a blink, THEN I will happily support schools with music and painting electives. In the meantime, the basics please; its all we can really afford and any child who really wants to learn to carve wood can take a class online, get a paper route or learn to repair computers in a free class they study online at their local library, then save their pennies to buy their first chisel, paint brush, ballet slippers, guitar or upright piano as the case may be.
submitted by grandmaapples to JudgeNapolitano [link] [comments]

The US Government: A Conspiracy Theorist by their own definition

The United States Government, including and especially the US Military-Intelligence Community, is among the most insecure, terrified, paranoid, conspiracy theorist the world has ever known. Everyone knows that the Conspiracy Theorist is a unique individual--a paranoiac, lone wolf, right-wing authoritarian libertarian, neoluddite, antigovernment with poor handle on reality and facts. That's what everyone says, so we'll work with their definition.
By observing our government's behavior and its words over decades in multiple domains, outlets and with various permutations, we can form a characterological basis of description of the US government persona, as one suffering from antisocial personality disorder and paranoid schizophrenia. This characterological basis is derived and described in the psychiatry DSM, a manual that was originally created by the very same military intelligence community & census bureau to describe non-conformists[Pilgrim,David;Rogers,Anne (2005).A sociology of mental health and illness(3rd ed.).Milton Keynes:Open University Press.], who may pose a threat to themselves.

Parsing the Conspiracy Theorist Government

We begin by parsing characterology above, the 'unabomber' trope, with examples of how each part applies.
 

I. Paranoia and Lone Wolves

II. Right-wing authoritarian libertarian

  • Authoritarian -- Check. Police state
  • Right-wing libertarian (ie: anarcho-capitalist) -- Check (Industry deregulation. No tax for corporations. No punishing outsourcing. No punishing inversion. Wall St. Bailouts. Not punishing financial crimes enough.)

III. Neoluddite

The US government resists new, proven, beneficial technology in favor of old technology.
  • The US Government is anti-encryption (see below).
  • The US Government is anti-bitcoin (see below).
  • The US Government refuses to standardize, open source or crowd-audit our voting machines.
  • The US Government refuses to use the Internet for Voting or even try. They say it can't be done, an argument that relies directly on ignoring encryption and other disruptive technologies.
  • The US Government refuses to dismantle their old nuclear fission reactors in favor of safer thorium reactors, putting everyone and the environment and ecosystem at risk all the time.
  • The US Government refuses to adopt GMO labelling to inform consumers of the desirable advanced-technology that goes into engineering their food.
  • The US Government refuses to support solar alternative energy in a real way, by allowing energy industry to maintain a different market value per KW fossil based energy versus a KW of residential solar energy.
  • The US Govenment wants to put in a Canadian oil pipe instead of putting solar on every rooftop, or supporting solar energy in any real way.

IV. Poor Handle on Facts:

This section deals with the government having a poor handle on facts.
 

A. Rummyism

Donald Rummsfeld, Sec. of Defence under child Bush famously said,
"The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence."
To rephrase this shitcryptic koan, "you must have faith that 'we know, but cannot prove' that Saddam has chemical weapons of mass destruction." We found out later, there were no weapons. We had no proof. But again, the establishment maintained that they knew something we didn't, that entitled them to think they are better than us, so we don't deserve to deal in actual facts. What's this conjecture around weapons that don't exist sound like? A conspiracy theory.
Which was repeated over and over and over a-la 'the big lie', without any evidence. By Rice, Bush, Cheney, Rumsfeld. Even when confronted with the lack of evidence, they still maintained their theories. I guess that makes the public a conspiracy theoriest by extension, because we believed the government conspiracy theorists from 9/11 until now.
EDIT: It's now known through easily available research that Rummsfeld et al knew about the chemical weapons Saddam had because we sold them to him, originally. We forget that Saddam was our golden boy, we created him and then set him loose. But instead of simply being an outlet of revenue for the US, he started doing really terrible things like educating his people and building an independent economy. That is why he was killed. Because at the end of the day, the paranoid, schizo lunatic asshole America hates competition. They'll say they love it, but in fact they hate competition.

B. Mass Surveillance of the US public

After spending Trillions of USD on various surveillance projects from Eschelon to PRISM, to Secret AT&T Room 641A, we find out in 2013 that--despite the widespread and overwhelming moral dread created by a government with such deep distrust of its citizens that it must analyze every thing they do--they've accomplished nothing, stopped no terrorist plot, and mass shootings happen nearly every other week.
In fact, the reason they've not stopped any terror is because it doesn't exist unless they themselves create it by occupation, false flags, or media manipulation. Hence, they are chasing fantasies, delusions. Mass shootings--if real and not false flags--are just mass shootings. Terrorism if not manufactured by the state is actual terrorism. Failure to understand or make these distinctions proper, makes the government schizophrenic
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder often characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to recognize what is real.
  • "Abnormal" -- spying on citizens while claiming to protect them, defying implicit trust of the people who are paying your salary.
  • "Social Behavior" -- interacting directly with citizen's voice and written communications and tracking their public / social behavior.
  • "Failure to recognize what is real" -- Citizens aren't terrorists, they've not foiled any terrorist plot in America, despite trillions spent on it.
Of course, when you fail so signally at your job at catching terrorists, you then have to change the definition of terrorist, in order to be able to catch them. This is akin to lowering the standards of entry so that dummies can get into college: you're widening the net. In this case, fraudulently so:
The concept of Hypervigilance is an enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect threats. It's an activity associated with ptsd, stress, anxiety, paranoia and schizophrenia. When the US government has this many agencies all designed to monitor citizen's behavior, I would say that's well beyond hypervigilance. I would argue that that is incredible overkill. What did we do to traumatize poor little governement into making it crazy and paranoid? Did we ask about 9/11 too much?
Anyway, despite their ptsd paranoia, those unfounded fears didn't stop them from waging a widespread and longlasting war against encryption and technologies like bitcoin.

C. Asset Forfeiture

The US Patriot Act makes a provision for asset forfeiture, even in the case of only alleged crimes prior to conviction. Again, they can take actions based on no-evidence.
Assets include both physical (houses, cash, cars) and non-physical assets such as private information (medical, financial, educational information). This has been abused, and used to punish and steal from people who carry large sums of anonymous money (cash) regardless of their intent. It provides a very real incentive for falsification of evidence by law enforcement for them to take what they want.
Their stated reason? The cash is being used for drugs, or trafficking weapons, or other crimes. The fact is, they don't know, they are theorizing but seize anyway. Again, the law enforcement's assumption that there is an invisible, unknown third-party with whom the suspected person would trade anonymous cash, is itself a conspiracy theory by definition. Since a conspiracy involves 2 or more people.
This is clearly antisocial police behavior, not just in the act itself but in the moral dread and fear that it creates, because now people are under threat of losing everything they have because of any small slip-up. This rule then expanded to the society level creates a culture of fear. Creating an atmosphere of fear around you, and thriving within this dread you create is something an asshole would do. The clinical term for a dreadmongering asshole is "antisocial personality disorder"
Antisocial (or dissocial) personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others. There may be an impoverished moral sense or conscience and a history of crime, legal problems, and impulsive and aggressive behavior.

D. "Evidence-based" Medicine

Medicine works, except when it doesn't.. Anti-depressants work, except when they don't because they are no better than placebo. Now we are seeing that anti-psychotics also fail the efficacy test, despite their having been prescribed for decades due to the 'evidence' based medicine guidelines.
That said, you must only take allopath doctor-prescribed pharmaceuticals, because herbs and supplements just don't work, except when they do.
Pot kills except when nih provides 30 studies showing it doesn't and mushrooms make you crazy, except when nih demonstrates it does the opposite. These have no medical value and therefore they are on schedule 1 of the DEA.
Just like a "conspiracy theorist" to claim to have completely non-credible evidence from the highmost institutions of government--and worse yet, evidence they manufactured themselves! So recap, they manufacture evidence to form the basis of claims, and then disregard that evidence because they themselves made it, when it suits them to do so. Seems legit, being the Government as a whole is a distrustworthy psychopath.
The reality is that illegal drugs cause far less harm compared to non-illegal drugs, as shown in the scorecard graph, compiled by former chief drugs adviser to the British government. Note the harm of cannabis and psychedelics, which happen to be the most aggressively policed and demonized in the media. Contrast that with the fact that the Government Says Big Pharma Kills More People Than All Illegal Drugs Combined.
So we have pharma drugs that don't work as advertised, based on evidence we say is valid. And street drugs that sometimes do work but are less harmful than advertised, based on evidence we say is valid.
And a government that can't seem to sort out this collection of facts from fiction. Just like a "conspiracy theorist".

E. Privacy, Encryption

Using the internet now is dangerous because of hackers. We have a lot of measures in place to allow people to conduct online business securely. Namely, using SSL, which was itself compromised with the heartbleed exploit, that went unchecked for a very uncomfortably long time. So many other problems with vendors online, such as the faulty storage of credit card numbers or the social security numbers stored incorrectly in plaintext in a database in SC, have led a discussion on identity theft, financial and personal information privacy on the internet. It remains clear that privacy and security are very important to safely use the internet.
But despite all the facts, the government doesn't think that's the case. Just like a "conspiracy theorist" to go against popular opinion based on facts. They would have you give up your privacy and take away your tools for communicating securely, even if it means disclosure to the Deep State of critical and person Intellectual Property such as screenplay ideas or a the plans for a new energy invention.
Consider this scenario:
You created a car that can drive for 2 hours on a gallon of water and stored the plans in your google drive. As you're developing a business plan, an individual who is associated with the Department of Energy starts a company that announces in a press-release that he and his new, worldwide team will be creating the prototype of a car that runs on a gallon of water. From the description, it sounds a lot like your invention. Isn't that strange?
Although the country is divided on the issue of privacy versus security, some argue that US Citizens, world civilians generally are not the terrorists but rather the surveillance community itself. They believe that the NSA is thus creating a culture of fear. as a form of social control. But overwhelmingly, poeple believe they should not have to give up their privacy for safety, regardless of what they feel needs to happen outside of the us.
Therefore, the continuance of these domestic surveillance programs are very obvious paranoia and antisocial behavior projected outwardly and injuriously towards the public. It feels very much like punishment, but for what? Daring to question the government for 9/11?
We aren't going to stop. Not now, not ever, until we have justice. So government, you can either take some of your own medicine, give us justice or continue on this track. I will warn you though, if you continue down the-path-without-a-heart, at some point--to quote Manly P Hall: if you continue to believe in magic without the history and wisdom behind it, you're going to get in a lot of trouble. You'll end up in the psych ward with the other lone wolves, spooks and spectres that maybe don't exist.
submitted by 911bodysnatchers322 to conspiracy [link] [comments]

[H] 700+ Cheap Region-Free Steam Gifts/Serials [W] CSGO/TF2 Keys, ToDs, Gems, Refs, WM, BTC

All Region-Free Steam Game Gifts + Steam Game Serials

 

Game Prices:

(CSGO Operation Keys are preferred)
Note: CSGO/TF2 items and Sacks of Gems are untradable for one week after purchase from the Steam Market or in-game store.
 
List of Steam Game Gifts (ROW / Region-Free) Price
A Story About My Uncle 2 Keys
Action Indie Pack (Includes 5 items: Larva Mortus, Penguins Arena: Sedna's World, RIP - Trilogy™, Space Trader: Merchant Marine, Tank Universal) 1 Key
Age of Empires II HD 2 Keys
Alien: Isolation 7 Keys
Assassin’s Creed III 3 Keys
Banished 4 Keys
Bastion 2 Keys
BattleBlock Theater 1 Key
Battlestations Pacific 1 Key
Beatbuddy: Tale of the Guardians 1 Key
BioShock 2 Keys
BioShock Triple Pack 6 Keys
Call of Duty: Black Ops II 10 Keys
Call of Juarez Gunslinger 2 Keys
Castle Crashers 2 Keys
Child of Light 2 Keys
Chivalry: Medieval Warfare 2 Keys
Contraption Maker 1 Key
Counter-Strike: Global Offensive 4 CSGO Keys or 4.5 TF2 Keys
Crysis 2 - Maximum Edition 4 Keys
Cthulhu Saves the World & Breath of Death VII Double Pack 1 Key
Dead Sky 2 Keys
Defy Gravity Extended 0.5 Key
Deus Ex Collection (Includes 4 items: Deus Ex: Game of the Year Edition, Deus Ex: Human Revolution - Director's Cut, Deus Ex: Invisible War, Deus Ex: The Fall) 5 Keys
Deus Ex: Human Revolution - Director's Cut 3 Keys
DiRT 3 Complete Edition 7 Keys
Dishonored 3 Keys
Door Kickers 3 Keys
Duke Nukem 3D and Shadow Warrior Bundle 2 Keys
Empire: Total War Collection 4 Keys
ENSLAVED™: Odyssey to the West™ Premium Edition 3 Keys
Euro Truck Simulator 2 - Irish Paint Jobs Pack 5 refs
Europa Universalis IV 5 Keys
FTL: Faster Than Light 2 Keys
Giana Sisters: Twisted Bundle (Includes 2 items: Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams, Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams - Rise of the Owlverlord) 2 Keys
Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams 1 Key
Gumboy Tournament 0.5 Key
Gun Monkeys 0.5 Key
Guns of Icarus Online Collectors Edition 2 Keys
Heileen 3: New Horizons Deluxe Edition 2 Keys
Hotline Miami 2 Keys
Hydrophobia: Prophecy 0.5 Key
ibb & obb 0.5 Key
Interstellar Marines 2 Keys
King's Bounty: Armored Princess 2 Keys
Kung Fu Strike - The Warrior's Rise 1 Key
Kung Fu Strike: The Warrior's Rise - Master Level 0.5 Key
L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition (Includes 2 items: L.A. Noire, L.A. Noire: DLC Bundle) 3 Keys
LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4 3 Keys
LEGO Marvel Super Heroes 3 Keys
LEGO Star Wars: The Complete Saga 4 Keys
LEGO Star Wars III: The Clone Wars 4 Keys
LEGO The Hobbit 3 Keys
LEGO The Lord of the Rings 3 Keys
METAL GEAR RISING: REVENGEANCE 4 Keys
METAL GEAR SOLID V: GROUND ZEROES 3 Keys
Microsoft Flight Simulator X: Steam Edition 3 Keys
Mirror's Edge 2 Keys
Morphopolis 0.5 Key
Mortal Kombat Komplete Edition 3 Keys
Murder Miners 0.5 Key
Nikopol: Secrets of the Immortals 0.5 Key
ORION: Dino Horde 0.5 Key
Out There Somewhere 0.5 Key
Paradox Platinum Pack (Includes 6 items: Cities in Motion 2, Crusader Kings II, Europa Universalis IV, Knights of Pen and Paper +1 Edition, Magicka, Warlock 2: The Exiled) 7 Keys
Mass Effect Collection (Includes 2 items: Mass Effect, Mass Effect 2 Digital Deluxe Edition) 5 Keys
Metro Redux Bundle 5 Keys
Microsoft Flight Simulator X: Steam Edition 3 Keys
Mount & Blade: Warband 3 Keys
Particula 3-Pack 1 Key
PixelJunk Eden 1 Key
PlayWay's Sim Bundle 1 Key
POSTAL 2 1 Key
Primal Fears 1 Key
Prison Architect 3 Keys
Quest of Dungeons 2 Keys
Real Horror Stories Ultimate Edition 0.5 Key
Real World Racing 1 Key
Resident Evil 4/5/6 Pack 8 Keys
Rise of the Triad 2 Keys
Roogoo 0.5 Key
RUSH 0.5 Key
Saints Row IV: Game of the Century Edition 4 Keys
Shadowgate bundle (Includes 3 items: Shadowgate (2014), Shadowgate: MacVenture Series, Déjà Vu: MacVenture Series) 2 Keys
Shadowgrounds Pack (Includes 2 items: Shadowgrounds, Shadowgrounds Survivor) 1 Key
Shadowrun Returns 1 Key
Space Run 2 Keys
Squishy the Suicidal Pig 0.5 Key
Star Wars Collection - 2015 12 Keys
Stellar Impact Bundle 1 Key
Strike Suit Infinity 1 Key
System Shock 2 1 Key
Takedown: Red Sabre 1 Key
The Bridge 1 Key
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim 3 Keys
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim - Legendary Edition 7 Keys
The Hat Man: Shadow Ward 0.5 Key
The LEGO Movie - Videogame 3 Keys
The Stanley Parable 2 Keys
The Swapper 2 Keys
The Testament of Sherlock Holmes 3 Keys
The Walking Dead: Season 2 4 Keys
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Enhanced Edition 2 Keys
The Wolf Among Us 4 Keys
Titan Quest 1.5 Keys
Tomb Raider GOTY Edition (Includes 22 items) 4 Keys
Total War: ROME II - Emperor Edition 8 Keys
Trapped Dead 1 Key
Trine 2: Complete Story Gift 2 Keys
Tropico 4 Collector's Bundle 1 Key
Valiant Hearts: The Great War / Soldats Inconnus : Mémoires de la Grande Guerre 2 Keys
Valkyria Chronicles 3 Keys
War of the Vikings: Bonus Coins 5 refs
 
 
List of Steam Game Serials or Gift Links (ROW) Price
//N.P.P.D. RUSH//- The milk of Ultraviolet 0.5 Key
1000 Amps 0.5 Key
140 0.5 Key
1953 – KGB Unleashed 0.5 Key
7th Legion 0.5 Key
8-Bit Commando 0.5 Key
8BitBoy 0.5 Key
99 Spirits 0.5 Key
9th Company: Roots Of Terror 0.5 Key
AaaaaAAaaaAAAaaAAAAaAAAAA!!! for the Awesome 0.5 Key
A New Beginning - Final Cut 0.5 Key
A-Train 8 0.5 Key
A.I.M.2 Clan Wars 0.5 Key
Abalone 0.5 Key
Abyss: The Wraiths of Eden 0.5 Key
AfterFall Insanity - Extended Edition 0.5 Key
Airline Tycoon 2 0.5 Key
Akane the Kunoichi 0.5 Key
Alchemy Mysteries: Prague Legends 0.5 Key
Alien Hallway 0.5 Key
Alien Shooter 2: Conscription 0.5 Key
Alien Shooter 2: Reloaded 0.5 Key
Alpha Kimori™ 1 0.5 Key
Alter World 0.5 Key
Always Sometimes Monsters 0.5 Key
American Conquest 0.5 Key
Anachronox 0.5 Key
Analogue: A Hate Story With Soundtrack 0.5 Key
Ancient Planet 0.5 Key
Anomaly Warzone Earth 0.5 Key
Anomaly Warzone Earth Mobile Campaign 0.5 Key
Antisquad 0.5 Key
Ascension to the Throne 0.5 Key
Aveyond: Lord of Twilight 0.5 Key
Bad Bots 0.5 Key
Bad Hotel 0.5 Key
Ballpoint Universe: Infinite 0.5 Key
Bardbarian 0.5 Key
Batman: Arkham Origins DLC - New Millennium Skins Pack 5 Refs
Battlepillars Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Battlestations: Midway 0.5 Key
Battle Group 2 0.5 Key
Beast Boxing Turbo 0.5 Key
BeatBlasters III 0.5 Key
Beatbuddy: Tale of the Guardians 0.5 Key
Betrayer 1 Key
Beyond Space 0.5 Key
BioShock 1 Key
Black Mirror 0.5 Key
Blast Em! 0.5 Key
BlazeRush 0.5 Key
Blocks That Matter 0.5 Key
Blue Rose 1 Key
BorderZone 0.5 Key
BoxesWithGuns 0.5 Key
Bret Airborne 0.5 Key
Brigade E5: New Jagged Union 0.5 Key
C-RUSH 0.5 Key
CAFE 0 ~The Drowned Mermaid~ DELUXE 1 Key
Card City Nights 0.5 Key
Chaos Domain 0.5 Key
Chaos Ride 0.5 Key
Chip 0.5 Key
Chompy Chomp Chomp 0.5 Key
Circuits 0.5 Key
Clash of Puppets 1 Key
Clickr 0.5 Key
Cloning Clyde 0.5 Key
Closure 0.5 Key
Cobi Treasure Deluxe 0.5 Key
Commando Jack 0.5 Key
Containment: The Zombie Puzzler 0.5 Key
Cossacks II: Napoleonic Wars 0.5 Key
Cossacks: European Wars 0.5 Key
Crazy Machines 2 0.5 Key
Critical Mass 0.5 Key
Crystal Catacombs 1 Key
Cubemen 0.5 Key
Cubemen 2 0.5 Key
Cubetractor 0.5 Key
Cubicle Quest 0.5 Key
Daikatana 0.5 Key
Darkstone 0.5 Key
Day One : Garry's Incident 0.5 Key
Deadlight 1 Key
Deep Dungeons Of Doom 0.5 Key
Depth Hunter 2: Deep Dive 0.5 Key
Depth Hunter 2: Ocean Mysteries 0.5 Key
Desert Thunder 0.5 Key
Deus Ex: The Fall 1 Key
Dino D-Day 0.5 Key
Down To One 0.5 Key
Driftmoon 0.5 Key
Duke Nukem 3D: Megaton Edition 0.5 Key
Dungeon of Elements 0.5 Key
Dungeons: The Eye of Draconus 0.5 Key
dUpLicity ~Beyond the Lies~ 0.5 Key
Dynamite Jack 0.5 Key
Dysan the Shapeshifter 0.5 Key
EDGE 0.5 Key
Edna & Harvey: The Breakout 0.5 Key
Electronic Super Joy: Groove City 0.5 Key
Elven Legacy 0.5 Key
English Country Tune 0.5 Key
Epigenesis 0.5 Key
Eschalon: Book I 0.5 Key
Eschalon: Book II 0.5 Key
Eschalon: Book III 0.5 Key
Ethan: Meteor Hunter 0.5 Key
Ether Vapor Remaster 0.5 Key
Etherlords I & II (1 Steam key bundle) 0.5 Key
EvilQuest 0.5 Key
F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter 2.0 0.5 Key
Fairy Bloom Freesia 0.5 Key
Fall of the New Age Premium Edition 0.5 Key
Famaze 0.5 Key
Farming World 0.5 Key
Fatty Maze's Adventures 0.5 Key
Fieldrunners 0.5 Key
Final Slam 2 0.5 Key
Finding Teddy 0.5 Key
FIST OF AWESOME 0.5 Key
Freedom Fall 0.5 Key
Frozen Hearth 0.5 Key
Galactic Arms Race 0.5 Key
Galactic Civilizations II: Ultimate Edition 0.5 Key
Galaxy on Fire 2™ Full HD 0.5 Key
Galcon Fusion 0.5 Key
Galcon Legends 0.5 Key
Garden Rescue 0.5 Key
GAUGE 0.5 Key
GEARCRACK Arena 0.5 Key
Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams 0.5 Key
Gotham City Impostors: Professional Kit 5 Refs
Grand Ages: Rome - Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Gravity Badgers 0.5 Key
Gravi 0.5 Key
Guacamelee! Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Guardians of Middle-earth: Smaug's Treasure DLC 5 Refs
Guncraft 0.5 Key
Gun Metal 0.5 Key
Gunman Clive 0.5 Key
Guns and Robots - Starter Pack 0.5 Key
Guns of Icarus Online Costume Pack + Soundtrack (2 separate game keys) 5 Refs
Half Minute Hero: Super Mega Neo Climax Ultimate Boy 0.5 Key
Hammerfight 0.5 Key
Heavy Fire: Afghanistan 0.5 Key
Hitman 2: Silent Assassin 0.5 Key
Hitman: Codename 47 0.5 Key
Home 0.5 Key
Home Sheep Home 2 0.5 Key
Hostile Waters: Antaeus Rising 0.5 Key
Humanity Asset 0.5 Key
Hunters Of The Dead 0.5 Key
HyperRogue 0.5 Key
Hyper Fighters 0.5 Key
iBomber Attack 0.5 Key
iBomber Defense Pacific 0.5 Key
Ichi 0.5 Key
IL-2 Sturmovik: 1946 0.5 Key
Imagine Me + Soundtrack 0.5 Key
Imperium Romanum - Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Incoming Forces 0.5 Key
Infected: The Twin Vaccine 0.5 Key
Infinite Space III: Sea of Stars 0.5 Key
Insanely Twisted Shadow Planet 0.5 Key
Intake 0.5 Key
Intrusion 2 0.5 Key
Ionball 2 : Ionstorm 0.5 Key
Ittle Dew 0.5 Key
Jack Orlando: Director's Cut 0.5 Key
Jet Car Stunts 0.5 Key
Jet Gunner 0.5 Key
Joylancer 0.5 Key
Just Cause 0.5 Key
Kairo 0.5 Key
KAMI 0.5 Key
Kill Fun Yeah 0.5 Key
Kingdom Elemental 0.5 Key
KnightShift 0.5 Key
Knytt Underground 0.5 Key
Ku: Shroud of the Morrigan 0.5 Key
Last Inua 0.5 Key
Legend of Dungeon 0.5 Key
Leona's Tricky Adventures 0.5 Key
LEVEL 22 0.5 Key
Leviathan Warships 0.5 Key
Lexica 0.5 Key
Lilly Looking Through 0.5 Key
Litil Divil 0.5 Key
Little Racers STREET 0.5 Key
Lost Civilization 0.5 Key
Love 0.5 Key
Lovely Planet 0.5 Key
Ludwig 0.5 Key
Lume 0.5 Key
Lunar Flight 0.5 Key
Lunar Pack - Wake & Lunnye Devitsy (Includes 2 games) 1 Key
MacGuffin's Curse 0.5 Key
Machines At War 3 1 Key
Majestic Nights 0.5 Key
Major Mayhem 0.5 Key
Marine Sharpshooter II : Jungle Warfare 0.5 Key
Master Reboot 0.5 Key
May's Mysteries: The Secret of Dragonville 0.5 Key
Mechanic Escape 0.5 Key
Memories of a Vagabond 0.5 Key
Millennium - A New Hope 0.5 Key
Millie 0.5 Key
Mini Motor Racing EVO 0.5 Key
Montague's Mount 0.5 Key
Motorama 0.5 Key
Mount & Blade 0.5 Key
MURI 0.5 Key
Mythos: The Beginning 0.5 Key
Namariel Legends: Iron Lord Premium Edition 0.5 Key
Nightmares from the Deep: The Cursed Heart 0.5 Key
NiGHTS Into Dreams 0.5 Key
Nihilumbra 0.5 Key
Nosferatu: The Wrath of Malachi 0.5 Key
Nuclear Dawn 0.5 Key
Numba Deluxe 0.5 Key
Nux 0.5 Key
Oddworld: Abe's Oddysee 0.5 Key
Odysseus: Long Way Home 0.5 Key
Offspring Fling 0.5 Key
Oil Rush 0.5 Key
On the Rain-Slick Precipice of Darkness, Episode One 0.5 Key
On the Rain-Slick Precipice of Darkness, Episode Two 0.5 Key
Oozi: Earth Adventure 0.5 Key
Orc Attack: Flatulent Rebellions 0.5 Key
Paranautical Activity (Early Access) 0.5 Key
Paranautical Activity: Deluxe Atonement Edition 0.5 Key
Parkan 2 0.5 Key
Party Of Sin 0.5 Key
Phoenix Force 0.5 Key
Pinball FX2 - Captain America Table 0.5 Key
Pinball FX2 - Civil War Table 0.5 Key
PixelJunk Eden 0.5 Key
PixelJunk Monsters Ultimate 0.5 Key
PixelJunk Shooter 0.5 Key
Platypus 0.5 Key
Point Perfect 0.5 Key
Postmortem: One Must Die (Extended Cut) 0.5 Key
Post Master 0.5 Key
Potatoman Seeks the Troof 0.5 Key
Pretentious Game 0.5 Key
Project Temporality 0.5 Key
Proteus 0.5 Key
Proxy Blade Zero 0.5 Key
Psichodelya 0.5 Key
Puddle 0.5 Key
Pushcat 0.5 Key
Quest for Infamy 0.5 Key
Racer 8 0.5 Key
Radical Roach Deluxe 0.5 Key
Ravaged Zombie Apocalypse 0.5 Key
Ravensword: Shadowlands 0.5 Key
Realms of Arkania: Blade of Destiny - For the Gods DLC 5 Refs
Realms of Arkania: Blade of Destiny 0.5 Key
Realms of the Haunting 0.5 Key
Really Big Sky 0.5 Key
Real Warfare 1242 0.5 Key
Redneck Racers 0.5 Key
Redshirt 0.5 Key
ReignMaker 0.5 Key
Rescue: Everday Heroes 0.5 Key
Residue: Final Cut 0.5 Key
Retro/Grade 0.5 Key
Rhythm Destruction 0.5 Key
Richard & Alice 0.5 Key
Rocketbirds: Hardboiled Chicken 0.5 Key
Rover Rescue 0.5 Key
RPG Maker - Adventurer's Journey DLC 0.5 Key
RPG Maker - Royal Tileset Pack DLC 0.5 Key
RPG Maker - Tyler Warren's First 50 Battler Pack DLC 0.5 Key
Runes of Brennos 0.5 Key
samurai_jazz 0.5 Key
Sang-Froid - Tales of Werewolves 0.5 Key
Savant - Ascent 0.5 Key
Septerra Core 0.5 Key
Shadow Warrior Classic Redux 0.5 Key
Shadows: Price for Our Sins Bonus Edition 0.5 Key
Shelter 1 Key
Shiny The Firefly 0.5 Key
Shufflepuck Cantina Deluxe 0.5 Key
Sid Meier’s Ace Patrol 0.5 Key
Sid Meier's Civilization III: Complete 1 Key
Sinking Island 0.5 Key
Skara - The Blade Remains (Early Access Starter Package) 0.5 Key
Ski-World Simulator 0.5 Key
Skyborn 0.5 Key
Skyward Collapse 0.5 Key
Slip 0.5 Key
Smooth Operators: Call Center Chaos 0.5 Key
Snowcat Simulator 0.5 Key
SOL: Exodus 0.5 Key
Sometimes: Success Requires Sacrifice 0.5 Key
Soulbringer 0.5 Key
Speedball 2 HD 0.5 Key
Speed Kills 0.5 Key
Spirits 0.5 Key
Spy Chameleon - RGB Agent 0.5 Key
Starlite Astronaut Academy: G-Ball 0.5 Key
Startopia 0.5 Key
Star Wars Knights of the Old Republic 1 Key
Star Wars: Dark Forces 0.5 Key
Star Wars The Force Unleashed: Ultimate Sith Edition 2 Keys
Starseed Pilgrim 0.5 Key
Steel & Steam: Episode 1 0.5 Key
Strategic War in Europe 0.5 Key
Streets of Chaos 0.5 Key
Subject 9 0.5 Key
Sudokuball Detective 0.5 Key
Summoner 0.5 Key
Super Comboman: Don't Mash Edition 0.5 Key
Super Killer Hornet: Resurrection 0.5 Key
Superfrog HD 0.5 Key
Supreme Commander: Forged Alliance 0.5 Key
Supreme Commander 0.5 Key
Surgeon Simulator 2013 1 Key
Sweet Lily Dreams 0.5 Key
Sweezy Gunner 0.5 Key
Sword of the Stars II: Enhanced Edition 0.5 Key
Syberia II 0.5 Key
T.E.C. 3001 0.5 Key
Talisman Prologue 0.5 Key
Tex Murphy: Martian Memorandum 0.5 Key
The Blue Flamingo 0.5 Key
The Bridge 0.5 Key
The Bureau: XCOM Declassified 1 Key
The Cat Lady 0.5 Key
The Chaos Engine 0.5 Key
The Culling of the Cows 0.5 Key
The Desolate Hope 0.5 Key
The Dream Machine (Chapters 1 - 4) 0.5 Key
The Few 0.5 Key
The Great Jitters: Pudding Panic 0.5 Key
The Guild II Collection 0.5 Key
The Journey Down: Chapter 1 0.5 Key
The Lost Crown 0.5 Key
The Mysterious Cities of Gold 0.5 Key
The Shopkeeper 0.5 Key
The Swapper 1 Key
The UnderGarden 0.5 Key
The World Named Fred 0.5 Key
Theatre Of The Absurd 0.5 Key
They Breathe 0.5 Key
Them - The Summoning 0.5 Key
Thomas Was Alone 0.5 Key
Tiny and Big in Grandpa's Leftovers 0.5 Key
Tobe's Vertical Adventure 0.5 Key
Total War: ROME II - Caesar in Gaul (DLC) 0.5 Key
Truck Racer 0.5 Key
Two Brothers 0.5 Key
Tycoon City: New York 0.5 Key
Type:Rider 0.5 Key
Ultionus: A Tale of Petty Revenge 0.5 Key
Ultratron 0.5 Key
Unearthed: Trail of Ibn Battuta - Episode 1 - Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Unearthed: Trail of Ibn Battuta 0.5 Key
Vanguard Princess 0.5 Key
Velvet Assassin 0.5 Key
Vertical Drop Heroes HD (Bonus: Halloween DLC) 0.5 Key
Viscera Cleanup Detail: Santa's Rampage 0.5 Key
Volt 0.5 Key
Voyage: Journey to the Moon 0.5 Key
War of the Roses: Kingmaker 0.5 Key
Where Angels Cry 0.5 Key
White Noise Online 0.5 Key
Windforge 0.5 Key
World War I - Centennial Edition 0.5 Key
Worms 0.5 Key
Worms Blast 0.5 Key
Worms Crazy Golf 0.5 Key
Worms Pinball 0.5 Key
Year Walk 0.5 Key
Zack Zero 0.5 Key
Zen Bound 2 0.5 Key
Zombie Shooter 0.5 Key
Zombie Shooter 2 0.5 Key
 

I Accept the following as Payment:

(CSGO Operation Keys are preferred)
 

I Do Not Accept the following:

  • Non-Steam games
  • Steam game codes or links (but i can accept game gifts)
  • Trading cards
  • Backgrounds
  • Emoticons
  • Coupons
  • PayPal, Skrill or other payment methods (but i can accept WebMoney and Bitcoin)
 

Trade Conditions:

  • You must post a comment below before you add me or send me a trade offer.
  • I do not trade with private profiles and/or private inventories due to scammers and bots.
  • Prices are firm. If the price is listed as 1 Key, i will not accept 2 ToDs or 2 CS:GO Capsule Keys instead.
  • My Steam Trade Offer link: http://steamcommunity.com/tradeoffenew/?partner=42982031&token=zv976vzc
  • Untradable (recently purchased) game gifts will not appear in trade offers, so you will have to add me to trade.
  • For cash trades, untradable gifts or serials: add me, you pay/trade first and then i will send you the game/s.
 

My Steam Trader Reputation:

» SteamRep | Flair Profile | SteamGifts | Steam Profile (10,000+ trades made) | IGSRep Page
And check +rep comments from previous trades on my Steam profile and my other trade threads.
submitted by DragonSteam to indiegameswap [link] [comments]

[H] 700+ Cheap Region-Free Steam Gifts/Serials [W] CSGO/TF2 Keys, ToDs, Gems, Refs, WM, BTC

All Region-Free Steam Game Gifts + Steam Game Serials

 

Game Prices:

(CSGO Operation Keys are preferred)
Note: CSGO/TF2 items and Sacks of Gems are untradable for one week after purchase from the Steam Market or in-game store.
 
List of Steam Game Gifts (ROW / Region-Free) Price
A Story About My Uncle 2 Keys
Action Indie Pack (Includes 5 items: Larva Mortus, Penguins Arena: Sedna's World, RIP - Trilogy™, Space Trader: Merchant Marine, Tank Universal) 1 Key
Age of Empires II HD 2 Keys
Alien: Isolation 7 Keys
Assassin’s Creed III 3 Keys
Banished 4 Keys
Bastion 2 Keys
BattleBlock Theater 1 Key
Battlestations Pacific 1 Key
Beatbuddy: Tale of the Guardians 1 Key
BioShock 2 Keys
BioShock Triple Pack 6 Keys
Call of Duty: Black Ops II 10 Keys
Call of Juarez Gunslinger 2 Keys
Castle Crashers 2 Keys
Child of Light 2 Keys
Chivalry: Medieval Warfare 2 Keys
Contraption Maker 1 Key
Counter-Strike: Global Offensive 4 Keys
Crysis 2 - Maximum Edition 4 Keys
Cthulhu Saves the World & Breath of Death VII Double Pack 1 Key
Dead Sky 2 Keys
Defy Gravity Extended 0.5 Key
Deus Ex Collection (Includes 4 items: Deus Ex: Game of the Year Edition, Deus Ex: Human Revolution - Director's Cut, Deus Ex: Invisible War, Deus Ex: The Fall) 5 Keys
Deus Ex: Human Revolution - Director's Cut 3 Keys
DiRT 3 Complete Edition 7 Keys
Dishonored 3 Keys
Door Kickers 3 Keys
Duke Nukem 3D and Shadow Warrior Bundle 2 Keys
Empire: Total War Collection 4 Keys
ENSLAVED™: Odyssey to the West™ Premium Edition 3 Keys
Euro Truck Simulator 2 - Irish Paint Jobs Pack 5 refs
Europa Universalis IV 5 Keys
FTL: Faster Than Light 2 Keys
Giana Sisters: Twisted Bundle (Includes 2 items: Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams, Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams - Rise of the Owlverlord) 2 Keys
Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams 1 Key
Gumboy Tournament 0.5 Key
Gun Monkeys 0.5 Key
Guns of Icarus Online Collectors Edition 2 Keys
Heileen 3: New Horizons Deluxe Edition 2 Keys
Hotline Miami 2 Keys
Hydrophobia: Prophecy 0.5 Key
ibb & obb 0.5 Key
Interstellar Marines 2 Keys
King's Bounty: Armored Princess 2 Keys
Kung Fu Strike - The Warrior's Rise 1 Key
Kung Fu Strike: The Warrior's Rise - Master Level 0.5 Key
L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition (Includes 2 items: L.A. Noire, L.A. Noire: DLC Bundle) 3 Keys
LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4 3 Keys
LEGO Marvel Super Heroes 3 Keys
LEGO Star Wars: The Complete Saga 4 Keys
LEGO Star Wars III: The Clone Wars 4 Keys
LEGO The Hobbit 3 Keys
LEGO The Lord of the Rings 3 Keys
METAL GEAR RISING: REVENGEANCE 4 Keys
Microsoft Flight Simulator X: Steam Edition 3 Keys
Morphopolis 0.5 Key
Mortal Kombat Komplete Edition 3 Keys
Murder Miners 0.5 Key
Nikopol: Secrets of the Immortals 0.5 Key
ORION: Dino Horde 0.5 Key
Out There Somewhere 0.5 Key
Paradox Platinum Pack (Includes 6 items: Cities in Motion 2, Crusader Kings II, Europa Universalis IV, Knights of Pen and Paper +1 Edition, Magicka, Warlock 2: The Exiled) 7 Keys
Mass Effect Collection (Includes 2 items: Mass Effect, Mass Effect 2 Digital Deluxe Edition) 5 Keys
Metro Redux Bundle 5 Keys
Microsoft Flight Simulator X: Steam Edition 3 Keys
Mount & Blade: Warband 3 Keys
Particula 3-Pack 1 Key
PixelJunk Eden 1 Key
PlayWay's Sim Bundle 1 Key
POSTAL 2 1 Key
Primal Fears 1 Key
Prison Architect 3 Keys
Quest of Dungeons 2 Keys
Real Horror Stories Ultimate Edition 0.5 Key
Real World Racing 1 Key
Resident Evil 4/5/6 Pack 8 Keys
Rise of the Triad 2 Keys
Roogoo 0.5 Key
RUSH 0.5 Key
Saints Row IV: Game of the Century Edition 4 Keys
Shadowgate bundle (Includes 3 items: Shadowgate (2014), Shadowgate: MacVenture Series, Déjà Vu: MacVenture Series) 2 Keys
Shadowgrounds Pack (Includes 2 items: Shadowgrounds, Shadowgrounds Survivor) 1 Key
Space Run 2 Keys
Squishy the Suicidal Pig 0.5 Key
Star Wars Collection - 2015 12 Keys
Stellar Impact Bundle 1 Key
Strike Suit Infinity 1 Key
System Shock 2 1 Key
Takedown: Red Sabre 1 Key
The Bridge 1 Key
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim 3 Keys
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim - Legendary Edition 7 Keys
The Hat Man: Shadow Ward 0.5 Key
The LEGO Movie - Videogame 3 Keys
The Stanley Parable 2 Keys
The Swapper 2 Keys
The Testament of Sherlock Holmes 3 Keys
The Walking Dead: Season 2 4 Keys
The Witcher 2: Assassins of Kings Enhanced Edition 2 Keys
The Wolf Among Us 4 Keys
Titan Quest 1.5 Keys
Tomb Raider GOTY Edition (Includes 22 items) 4 Keys
Total War: ROME II - Emperor Edition 8 Keys
Trapped Dead 1 Key
Trine 2: Complete Story Gift 2 Keys
Tropico 4 Collector's Bundle 1 Key
Valiant Hearts: The Great War / Soldats Inconnus : Mémoires de la Grande Guerre 2 Keys
Valkyria Chronicles 3 Keys
War of the Vikings: Bonus Coins 5 refs
 
 
List of Steam Game Serials or Gift Links (ROW) Price
//N.P.P.D. RUSH//- The milk of Ultraviolet 0.5 Key
1000 Amps 0.5 Key
140 0.5 Key
1953 – KGB Unleashed 0.5 Key
7th Legion 0.5 Key
8-Bit Commando 0.5 Key
8BitBoy 0.5 Key
99 Spirits 0.5 Key
9th Company: Roots Of Terror 0.5 Key
AaaaaAAaaaAAAaaAAAAaAAAAA!!! for the Awesome 0.5 Key
A New Beginning - Final Cut 0.5 Key
A-Train 8 0.5 Key
A.I.M.2 Clan Wars 0.5 Key
Abalone 0.5 Key
Abyss: The Wraiths of Eden 0.5 Key
AfterFall Insanity - Extended Edition 0.5 Key
Airline Tycoon 2 0.5 Key
Akane the Kunoichi 0.5 Key
Alchemy Mysteries: Prague Legends 0.5 Key
Alien Hallway 0.5 Key
Alien Shooter 2: Conscription 0.5 Key
Alien Shooter 2: Reloaded 0.5 Key
Alpha Kimori™ 1 0.5 Key
Alter World 0.5 Key
Always Sometimes Monsters 0.5 Key
American Conquest 0.5 Key
Anachronox 0.5 Key
Analogue: A Hate Story With Soundtrack 0.5 Key
Ancient Planet 0.5 Key
Anomaly Warzone Earth 0.5 Key
Anomaly Warzone Earth Mobile Campaign 0.5 Key
Antisquad 0.5 Key
Ascension to the Throne 0.5 Key
Aveyond: Lord of Twilight 0.5 Key
Bad Bots 0.5 Key
Bad Hotel 0.5 Key
Ballpoint Universe: Infinite 0.5 Key
Bardbarian 0.5 Key
Batman: Arkham Origins DLC - New Millennium Skins Pack 5 Refs
Battlepillars Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Battlestations: Midway 0.5 Key
Battle Group 2 0.5 Key
Beast Boxing Turbo 0.5 Key
BeatBlasters III 0.5 Key
Beatbuddy: Tale of the Guardians 0.5 Key
Betrayer 1 Key
Beyond Space 0.5 Key
BioShock 1 Key
Black Mirror 0.5 Key
Blast Em! 0.5 Key
BlazeRush 0.5 Key
Blocks That Matter 0.5 Key
Blue Rose 1 Key
BorderZone 0.5 Key
BoxesWithGuns 0.5 Key
Bret Airborne 0.5 Key
Brigade E5: New Jagged Union 0.5 Key
C-RUSH 0.5 Key
CAFE 0 ~The Drowned Mermaid~ DELUXE 1 Key
Card City Nights 0.5 Key
Chaos Domain 0.5 Key
Chaos Ride 0.5 Key
Chip 0.5 Key
Chompy Chomp Chomp 0.5 Key
Circuits 0.5 Key
Clash of Puppets 1 Key
Clickr 0.5 Key
Cloning Clyde 0.5 Key
Closure 0.5 Key
Cobi Treasure Deluxe 0.5 Key
Commando Jack 0.5 Key
Containment: The Zombie Puzzler 0.5 Key
Cossacks II: Napoleonic Wars 0.5 Key
Cossacks: European Wars 0.5 Key
Crazy Machines 2 0.5 Key
Critical Mass 0.5 Key
Crystal Catacombs 1 Key
Cubemen 0.5 Key
Cubemen 2 0.5 Key
Cubetractor 0.5 Key
Cubicle Quest 0.5 Key
Daikatana 0.5 Key
Darkstone 0.5 Key
Day One : Garry's Incident 0.5 Key
Deadlight 1 Key
Deep Dungeons Of Doom 0.5 Key
Depth Hunter 2: Deep Dive 0.5 Key
Depth Hunter 2: Ocean Mysteries 0.5 Key
Desert Thunder 0.5 Key
Deus Ex: The Fall 1 Key
Dino D-Day 0.5 Key
Down To One 0.5 Key
Driftmoon 0.5 Key
Duke Nukem 3D: Megaton Edition 0.5 Key
Dungeon of Elements 0.5 Key
Dungeons: The Eye of Draconus 0.5 Key
dUpLicity ~Beyond the Lies~ 0.5 Key
Dynamite Jack 0.5 Key
Dysan the Shapeshifter 0.5 Key
EDGE 0.5 Key
Edna & Harvey: The Breakout 0.5 Key
Electronic Super Joy: Groove City 0.5 Key
Elven Legacy 0.5 Key
English Country Tune 0.5 Key
Epigenesis 0.5 Key
Eschalon: Book I 0.5 Key
Eschalon: Book II 0.5 Key
Eschalon: Book III 0.5 Key
Ethan: Meteor Hunter 0.5 Key
Ether Vapor Remaster 0.5 Key
Etherlords I & II (1 Steam key bundle) 0.5 Key
EvilQuest 0.5 Key
F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter 2.0 0.5 Key
Fairy Bloom Freesia 0.5 Key
Fall of the New Age Premium Edition 0.5 Key
Famaze 0.5 Key
Farming World 0.5 Key
Fatty Maze's Adventures 0.5 Key
Fieldrunners 0.5 Key
Final Slam 2 0.5 Key
Finding Teddy 0.5 Key
FIST OF AWESOME 0.5 Key
Freedom Fall 0.5 Key
Frozen Hearth 0.5 Key
Galactic Arms Race 0.5 Key
Galactic Civilizations II: Ultimate Edition 0.5 Key
Galaxy on Fire 2™ Full HD 0.5 Key
Galcon Fusion 0.5 Key
Galcon Legends 0.5 Key
Garden Rescue 0.5 Key
GAUGE 0.5 Key
GEARCRACK Arena 0.5 Key
Giana Sisters: Twisted Dreams 0.5 Key
Gotham City Impostors: Professional Kit 5 Refs
Grand Ages: Rome - Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Gravity Badgers 0.5 Key
Gravi 0.5 Key
Guacamelee! Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Guardians of Middle-earth: Smaug's Treasure DLC 5 Refs
Guncraft 0.5 Key
Gun Metal 0.5 Key
Gunman Clive 0.5 Key
Guns and Robots - Starter Pack 0.5 Key
Guns of Icarus Online Costume Pack + Soundtrack (2 separate game keys) 5 Refs
Half Minute Hero: Super Mega Neo Climax Ultimate Boy 0.5 Key
Hammerfight 0.5 Key
Heavy Fire: Afghanistan 0.5 Key
Hitman 2: Silent Assassin 0.5 Key
Hitman: Codename 47 0.5 Key
Home 0.5 Key
Home Sheep Home 2 0.5 Key
Hostile Waters: Antaeus Rising 0.5 Key
Humanity Asset 0.5 Key
Hunters Of The Dead 0.5 Key
HyperRogue 0.5 Key
Hyper Fighters 0.5 Key
iBomber Attack 0.5 Key
iBomber Defense Pacific 0.5 Key
Ichi 0.5 Key
IL-2 Sturmovik: 1946 0.5 Key
Imagine Me + Soundtrack 0.5 Key
Imperium Romanum - Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Incoming Forces 0.5 Key
Infected: The Twin Vaccine 0.5 Key
Infinite Space III: Sea of Stars 0.5 Key
Insanely Twisted Shadow Planet 0.5 Key
Intake 0.5 Key
Intrusion 2 0.5 Key
Ionball 2 : Ionstorm 0.5 Key
Ittle Dew 0.5 Key
Jack Orlando: Director's Cut 0.5 Key
Jet Car Stunts 0.5 Key
Jet Gunner 0.5 Key
Joylancer 0.5 Key
Just Cause 0.5 Key
Kairo 0.5 Key
KAMI 0.5 Key
Kill Fun Yeah 0.5 Key
Kingdom Elemental 0.5 Key
KnightShift 0.5 Key
Knytt Underground 0.5 Key
Ku: Shroud of the Morrigan 0.5 Key
Last Inua 0.5 Key
Legend of Dungeon 0.5 Key
Leona's Tricky Adventures 0.5 Key
LEVEL 22 0.5 Key
Leviathan Warships 0.5 Key
Lexica 0.5 Key
Lilly Looking Through 0.5 Key
Litil Divil 0.5 Key
Little Racers STREET 0.5 Key
Lost Civilization 0.5 Key
Love 0.5 Key
Lovely Planet 0.5 Key
Ludwig 0.5 Key
Lume 0.5 Key
Lunar Flight 0.5 Key
Lunar Pack - Wake & Lunnye Devitsy (Includes 2 games) 1 Key
MacGuffin's Curse 0.5 Key
Machines At War 3 1 Key
Majestic Nights 0.5 Key
Major Mayhem 0.5 Key
Marine Sharpshooter II : Jungle Warfare 0.5 Key
Master Reboot 0.5 Key
May's Mysteries: The Secret of Dragonville 0.5 Key
Mechanic Escape 0.5 Key
Memories of a Vagabond 0.5 Key
Millennium - A New Hope 0.5 Key
Millie 0.5 Key
Mini Motor Racing EVO 0.5 Key
Montague's Mount 0.5 Key
Motorama 0.5 Key
Mount & Blade 0.5 Key
MURI 0.5 Key
Mythos: The Beginning 0.5 Key
Namariel Legends: Iron Lord Premium Edition 0.5 Key
Nightmares from the Deep: The Cursed Heart 0.5 Key
NiGHTS Into Dreams 0.5 Key
Nihilumbra 0.5 Key
Nosferatu: The Wrath of Malachi 0.5 Key
Nuclear Dawn 0.5 Key
Numba Deluxe 0.5 Key
Nux 0.5 Key
Oddworld: Abe's Oddysee 0.5 Key
Odysseus: Long Way Home 0.5 Key
Offspring Fling 0.5 Key
Oil Rush 0.5 Key
On the Rain-Slick Precipice of Darkness, Episode One 0.5 Key
On the Rain-Slick Precipice of Darkness, Episode Two 0.5 Key
Oozi: Earth Adventure 0.5 Key
Orc Attack: Flatulent Rebellions 0.5 Key
Paranautical Activity (Early Access) 0.5 Key
Paranautical Activity: Deluxe Atonement Edition 0.5 Key
Parkan 2 0.5 Key
Party Of Sin 0.5 Key
Phoenix Force 0.5 Key
Pinball FX2 - Captain America Table 0.5 Key
Pinball FX2 - Civil War Table 0.5 Key
PixelJunk Eden 0.5 Key
PixelJunk Monsters Ultimate 0.5 Key
PixelJunk Shooter 0.5 Key
Platypus 0.5 Key
Point Perfect 0.5 Key
Postmortem: One Must Die (Extended Cut) 0.5 Key
Post Master 0.5 Key
Potatoman Seeks the Troof 0.5 Key
Pretentious Game 0.5 Key
Project Temporality 0.5 Key
Proteus 0.5 Key
Proxy Blade Zero 0.5 Key
Psichodelya 0.5 Key
Puddle 0.5 Key
Pushcat 0.5 Key
Quest for Infamy 0.5 Key
Racer 8 0.5 Key
Radical Roach Deluxe 0.5 Key
Ravaged Zombie Apocalypse 0.5 Key
Ravensword: Shadowlands 0.5 Key
Realms of Arkania: Blade of Destiny - For the Gods DLC 5 Refs
Realms of Arkania: Blade of Destiny 0.5 Key
Realms of the Haunting 0.5 Key
Really Big Sky 0.5 Key
Real Warfare 1242 0.5 Key
Redneck Racers 0.5 Key
Redshirt 0.5 Key
ReignMaker 0.5 Key
Rescue: Everday Heroes 0.5 Key
Residue: Final Cut 0.5 Key
Retro/Grade 0.5 Key
Rhythm Destruction 0.5 Key
Richard & Alice 0.5 Key
Rocketbirds: Hardboiled Chicken 0.5 Key
Rover Rescue 0.5 Key
RPG Maker - Adventurer's Journey DLC 0.5 Key
RPG Maker - Royal Tileset Pack DLC 0.5 Key
RPG Maker - Tyler Warren's First 50 Battler Pack DLC 0.5 Key
Runes of Brennos 0.5 Key
samurai_jazz 0.5 Key
Sang-Froid - Tales of Werewolves 0.5 Key
Savant - Ascent 0.5 Key
Septerra Core 0.5 Key
Shadow Warrior Classic Redux 0.5 Key
Shadows: Price for Our Sins Bonus Edition 0.5 Key
Shelter 1 Key
Shiny The Firefly 0.5 Key
Shufflepuck Cantina Deluxe 0.5 Key
Sid Meier’s Ace Patrol 0.5 Key
Sid Meier's Civilization III: Complete 1 Key
Sinking Island 0.5 Key
Skara - The Blade Remains (Early Access Starter Package) 0.5 Key
Ski-World Simulator 0.5 Key
Skyborn 0.5 Key
Skyward Collapse 0.5 Key
Slip 0.5 Key
Smooth Operators: Call Center Chaos 0.5 Key
Snowcat Simulator 0.5 Key
SOL: Exodus 0.5 Key
Sometimes: Success Requires Sacrifice 0.5 Key
Soulbringer 0.5 Key
Speedball 2 HD 0.5 Key
Speed Kills 0.5 Key
Spirits 0.5 Key
Spy Chameleon - RGB Agent 0.5 Key
Starlite Astronaut Academy: G-Ball 0.5 Key
Startopia 0.5 Key
Star Wars Knights of the Old Republic 1 Key
Star Wars: Dark Forces 0.5 Key
Star Wars The Force Unleashed: Ultimate Sith Edition 2 Keys
Starseed Pilgrim 0.5 Key
Steel & Steam: Episode 1 0.5 Key
Strategic War in Europe 0.5 Key
Streets of Chaos 0.5 Key
Subject 9 0.5 Key
Sudokuball Detective 0.5 Key
Summoner 0.5 Key
Super Comboman: Don't Mash Edition 0.5 Key
Super Killer Hornet: Resurrection 0.5 Key
Superfrog HD 0.5 Key
Supreme Commander: Forged Alliance 0.5 Key
Supreme Commander 0.5 Key
Surgeon Simulator 2013 1 Key
Sweet Lily Dreams 0.5 Key
Sweezy Gunner 0.5 Key
Sword of the Stars II: Enhanced Edition 0.5 Key
Syberia II 0.5 Key
T.E.C. 3001 0.5 Key
Talisman Prologue 0.5 Key
Tex Murphy: Martian Memorandum 0.5 Key
The Blue Flamingo 0.5 Key
The Bridge 0.5 Key
The Bureau: XCOM Declassified 1 Key
The Cat Lady 0.5 Key
The Chaos Engine 0.5 Key
The Culling of the Cows 0.5 Key
The Desolate Hope 0.5 Key
The Dream Machine (Chapters 1 - 4) 0.5 Key
The Few 0.5 Key
The Great Jitters: Pudding Panic 0.5 Key
The Journey Down: Chapter 1 0.5 Key
The Lost Crown 0.5 Key
The Mysterious Cities of Gold 0.5 Key
The Shopkeeper 0.5 Key
The Swapper 1 Key
The UnderGarden 0.5 Key
The World Named Fred 0.5 Key
Theatre Of The Absurd 0.5 Key
They Breathe 0.5 Key
Them - The Summoning 0.5 Key
Thomas Was Alone 0.5 Key
Tiny and Big in Grandpa's Leftovers 0.5 Key
Tobe's Vertical Adventure 0.5 Key
Total War: ROME II - Caesar in Gaul (DLC) 0.5 Key
Truck Racer 0.5 Key
Two Brothers 0.5 Key
Tycoon City: New York 0.5 Key
Type:Rider 0.5 Key
Ultionus: A Tale of Petty Revenge 0.5 Key
Ultratron 0.5 Key
Unearthed: Trail of Ibn Battuta - Episode 1 - Gold Edition 0.5 Key
Unearthed: Trail of Ibn Battuta 0.5 Key
Vanguard Princess 0.5 Key
Velvet Assassin 0.5 Key
Vertical Drop Heroes HD (Bonus: Halloween DLC) 0.5 Key
Viscera Cleanup Detail: Santa's Rampage 0.5 Key
Volt 0.5 Key
Voyage: Journey to the Moon 0.5 Key
War of the Roses: Kingmaker 0.5 Key
Where Angels Cry 0.5 Key
White Noise Online 0.5 Key
Windforge 0.5 Key
World War I - Centennial Edition 0.5 Key
Worms 0.5 Key
Worms Blast 0.5 Key
Worms Crazy Golf 0.5 Key
Worms Pinball 0.5 Key
Year Walk 0.5 Key
Zack Zero 0.5 Key
Zen Bound 2 0.5 Key
Zombie Shooter 0.5 Key
Zombie Shooter 2 0.5 Key
 

I Accept the following as Payment:

(CSGO Operation Keys are preferred)
 

I Do Not Accept the following:

  • Non-Steam games
  • Steam game codes or links (but i can accept game gifts)
  • Trading cards
  • Backgrounds
  • Emoticons
  • Coupons
  • PayPal, Skrill or other payment methods (but i can accept WebMoney and Bitcoin)
 

Trade Conditions:

  • You must post a comment below before you add me or send me a trade offer.
  • I do not trade with private profiles and/or private inventories due to scammers and bots.
  • Prices are firm. If the price is listed as 1 Key, i will not accept 2 ToDs or 2 CS:GO Capsule Keys instead.
  • My Steam Trade Offer link: http://steamcommunity.com/tradeoffenew/?partner=42982031&token=zv976vzc
  • Untradable (recently purchased) game gifts will not appear in trade offers, so you will have to add me to trade.
  • For cash trades, untradable gifts or serials: add me, you pay/trade first and then i will send you the game/s.
 

My Steam Trader Reputation:

» SteamRep | Flair Profile | SteamGifts | Steam Profile (10,000+ trades made) | IGSRep Page
And check +rep comments from previous trades on my Steam profile and my other trade threads.
submitted by DragonSteam to indiegameswap [link] [comments]

'Substantial equivalence': Are GMOs as safe as other conventional and organic foods?

https://preview.redd.it/lsjz212dsfx01.png?width=808&format=png&auto=webp&s=002a48eff1409b43691ae0fef02902d35f573eef
Are foods that contain genetically modified ingredients the same as foods grown conventionally, or using organic practices? That question is at the heart of the debate over GMOs. Critics claim there are meaningful differences; regulations in some companies assume there are, but don't identify them; most scientists say the differences are trivial, and that's how US regulators have traditionally viewed this issue. The phrase they use is "substantial equivalence."
Dedicated critics of crop biotechnology, aware of the regulatory significance of that phrase shape their narrative to target this very phrase. In 2009, French professor and anti-GMO activist Gilles-Eric Séralini (Read GLP Profile here) declared that he had found that engineering eggplant seeds to make them insect resistant resulted in small variations that he claimed made the crops “unfit for human consumption.”
But the view that small changes resulting from genetic engineering are meaningful is not well supported by the science or by independent scientists. In 2016, an Indian research team reported that they found 11 genetic differences between a form of rice genetically modified to express the bacterial blight-resistant Xa21 gene and a non-transgenic rice strain. But they reported no significant nutritional differences.
The view of GMO critics is that any change can have unintended consequences—which is true, sort of. Conventional breeding mixes genes in novel ways, and mutagenized crops, which are created by blowing out the chromosomes of seeds over many years using chemical or radiation to create a novel product randomly—like sweet grapefruits (which can be sold as organic foods), carry tens or hundreds of thousands of random mutations. Genetic engineering changes at most a handful of genes and related proteins—and scientists track them.
Are unintended consequences possible with GE foods? Of course. But the scientific consensus, endorsed by many independent science groups in Europe, North America, and Asia, is that food grown from genetically engineered seeds are as safe as non-GMO food—and least likely to cause unintended consequences.
The consensus doesn't sit with anti-technology activists. According to the site GMO Inside (Read GLP Profile here), the problem lies with the US Government, which regulates based its understanding of that pesky phrase: “substantial equivalence”:
Studies agree that the substantially equivalent rule is clearly flawed. Health studies have pointed to concern over GMO usage, both for human and animal consumption, yet substantial equivalence is still the status quo. These findings bring up a new stream of questions. Since independent studies show how GMOs damage the environment and the ill effects GMOs have on animal health, why does our government think substantial equivalence works?
https://preview.redd.it/t89sw40gsfx01.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=e9aced9f4fade937834be6147366c1fa409a1820
The studies they cite are all by Séralini or a cadre of activist scientists, such as Judy Carman who has produced a much-derided study "proving" that GMO animal feed inflames the stomachs of animals—many of whom have websites overseen by the same anti-biotechnology outfit that runs GMOInside.
The activists also misstate how the US government uses the term “substantial equivalence.” The concept arose from the US government’s requirement to assess the safety of new food products (as well as medical devices or generic and biosimilar drugs). It’s not an assumption, but the result of extensive testing.
“Substantial equivalence” has been applied to foods since 1993; previously, the FDA used the concept to approve medical devices. To get FDA approval, known as a 510K, the manufacturers had to show that their new product worked essentially like existing, already approved products, among other requirements. It was later extended to cover foods because plants vary a lot, including from plant to plant. It doesn’t matter whether a plant is conventionally or organically grown, is transgenic (has 'foreign' genes) or cisgenic (does not), or was breed using newer, gene editing techniques such as CRISPR-Cas9.
This variation could have occurred as an evolutionary process or may have arisen from breeding techniques. And plants can vary in their variations. Corn, for example, contains more nucleotide polymorphisms (small variations in gene sequence) than a tomato.
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USDA scientist Owen Hoekenga, in an important 2008 paper, wrote that the variation in corn is so high that “two maize varieties may be as different from each other as humans are from chimpanzees on the DNA level.” But these varieties can still be considered “substantially equivalent”—because, in fact, they are in all the ways scientists consider meaningful—whether it impacts body functions in unique ways or alters its nutritional content.
Biology Fortified policy director Anastasia Bodnar has also shown that even in the same variety of plant, genetic variances can exist:
If I use a microarray (test) to find similarly and differentially expressed genes in two genetically identical plants grown in slightly different environments, I will find some genes that have significantly different expression. Similarly, plants of different varieties grown in the same environment will have different gene expression profiles.
These could be “substantially equivalent,” too. But not based solely on genetic profiles.
Determining “substantial equivalence” depends first on establishing the extent of this range of variation in a given plant. So, existing data is examined for original crop variation, and then a new trans- or cisgenic crop is compared along the same metrics. If the new crop lies within that original range of variation, then it is “substantially equivalent.” Note that even after a finding of substantial equivalence a new GE crops still most go through extensive testing, with the government reviewing reams of data before a crop is introduced—a process covering on average seven years and $135 million.
Opponents of the substantial equivalence concept (which include some EU member states as Europeans do not use this concept in its regulation of GE crops) object to this standard because there’s no clear statistical “hard” basis and no quantitative range of effects (such as a standard deviation, or p-value) that determines the border of “equivalent." Furthermore, they claim there is no way to predict unintended (or unexpected) surprise effects.
However, there are statistical analyses that are increasingly used to establish substantial equivalence. Modern analytical equipment, including liquid/gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, and “lab on a chip” microarrays, are very effective at detecting chemical changes in food. Also, the process of mutagenesis, which is accepted in organic and other plant breeding, can also be used to determine genetic changes. All these methods are resulting in the accumulation of more and more data, which is available to anybody developing a new food product. Community standards, such as the MIAME (minimum information about a microarray experiment), and MIAPE (minimum information about a proteomics experiment), have been developed to determine what’s needed to ensure safety as much as possible.
Just as biology is adaptable in often-predictable ways, so is regulation. "Substantial equivalence” isn’t anything new by itself. The regulator standard is now, nearly 25 years old; it serves as just one part of the evaluation of food safety.
Source

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[Table] IAmA: I am Steve Horwitz, economist, professor at St Lawrence University, and bleeding heart libertarian . AMA!

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Date: 2014-02-28
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
Do you think the relative unpopularity of economic liberty (laissez faire) as a policy is due to people's lack of knowledge or some predilection in favor of tangible, sold 'plans' over the unpredictability of freedom? Or neither or some mix of both? All great questions. I think your instinct is right here: people prefer the (false) security of a "plan" than the more open-ended promise of market discovery. Part of the way to deal with that is to point out how often those plans fail and their propensity to generate unintended consequences that make matters WORSE and then generate a demand for more intervention, etc..
As a followup, how do you convince people to put their faith in free markets and free people without promising some specific plan or specific outcome? Saying "the free market will fix it" doesn't seem satisfying to most people. If you can't trust a lot of people to solve smaller problems in decentralized ways with a functioning feedback process, how can you trust a small number to solve big problems with a crappy feedback process?
Do you support open borders? If so, do you think a large enough influx of immigrants from a different culture could produce such negative externalities in the process of assimilation that on net, they destroy more wealth than they create? My friend Bryan Caplan did an AMA a little while back and I have the same views as he does on open borders, which is keep 'em wide open. I don't fear the scenario you lay out here because there's no history to support it. Immigrants who come here do so because they want to make their lives better and help their families in the process. As they assimilate, they will not just complete "become us," we will become more like them. Thinik about all the ways in which what was once immigrant food and culture have become part of who we are as Americans (that pizza you're eating..). Assimilation is a two-way street and has many more positive than negative externalities. Plus, it's a simple matter of human rights and bleeding heart libertarianism that we should give those with the least all around the world the opportunity to make a better life for themselves by recognizing their right to move to where the opportunities are and create work and property contracts with those who live there. I simply cannot see how any libertarian can support anything less than open borders on both practical and moral grounds.
What is a bleeding heart libertarian? I'd also like to tackle this one early. BHLs come in various flavors. What we all seem to share is that we think the primary moral concern of libertarians, if not any political philosophy, should be how well our preferred system will do for the least well off among us. For some of my BHL colleagues is is that concern that is the moral justification for any system, i.e., libertarianism is only moral justified in so far as it improves the lives of the least well off. For others, like me, it's more about rhetoric and style. I believe that libertarianism DOES serve their interests very well, but I think it's more that we should focus our arguments and our rhetoric on that point, rather than thinking it serves as the ultimate moral justification.
BHLs generally believe that libertarianism can meet the ENDS of our leftist friends concerned with social justice but through the MEANS of freedom.
So "a rising tide lifts all boats" will now be stated as...hmmm... "Free people make better choice for themselves and have better outcomes"? It lifts ALL boats, but it also lifts the LEAST WELL OFF boats the most.
Not much freedom if you are poor. How about "you're far more likely to be poor if you have no freedom." The Berlin Wall was not there to keep people in WEST Germany.
WARNING: I am a Marxist, please do not be alarmed. With that out of the way, I was wondering if you could answer this question from a Libertarian standpoint: With industry as vast and as awe-inspiring as it is today I was wondering why you think it is still a good idea to continue the practice of private ownership over the goods that industry produces? It seems to me that, in light of current global economic "problems" (to say the least), we could simply cut the bullshit. Put people into industries, have them (the workers) collectively run the workplace. With people who aren't concerned with competition but cooperation it seems that they would most likely focus on lifting themselves (them being the community of whichever particular area, town,city,village,whatever) out of poverty, and if we continue this practice across countries, the entire globe even, it seems that we could lift massive amounts of poverty and ignorance off of millions of people. Why bother bickering about this-or-that style of Capitalism, why not just throw the damn thing overboard, like we did feudalism, and finally start using industry for more than profit hoarding and worthless vanity items? THanks for the question. I think you radically undersestimate the problems of determining how to use resources in ways that improve economic well-being. First, markets ARE about cooperation. Did you make your shirt? I'm guessing not. That shirt was make through the cooperation of millions of people from across the globe, coordinating their activity through the prices, profits, and losses of the market. Markets are the most powerful form of social cooperation (and globally so) that humans have ever discovered. You need to get beyond the competition/cooperation binary.
Second, in order to know how best to use resource to improve people's lives, we need to know their value. That requires a standard of comparison that relates back to people's wants and needs. And that is what prices do. Monetary exchange and the price system are form of extra-linguistic communication that enable us to assess value. To have meaningful prices, we need them to arise from actual exchanges by real people in real markets. And that requires private ownership, especially of capital. How would all of these firms know 1) what to make 2) how to make it? It is market prices, profits, and loss that facilitate the social learning process that enables us to answer these questions.
Profit is a social signal and what justifies using markets is that they are the only way we have of answering all of these questions about what to produce and how to produce it. If we get rid of markets, we are not giving the tin man a heart, we are Oedipus poking out our eyes.
What do you think of the latest developments affecting the bitcoin ecosystem? To be honest, I don't follow bitcoin that closely. I have long believed that we need to get rid of central banks, so I'm in favor of anything that creates an alternative to central banking, thus I"m rooting for bitcoin. But I'm also skeptical about it because I'm not convinced it will be anything more than a niche way of engaging in very sophisticated multi-lateral barter, but with limits. That said, I want it to stick around if for no other reason than to show folks that you don't need government to get sound money. Because... you don't.
How would we regulate the economy without central banks? The history of economies without central banks and with truly competitive monetary systems is that they are much more stable and much less prone to bank failures and monetary mischief than ones with central banks. Canada did not have a central bank til the 1930s and never had the problems the US did. Link to www.coordinationproblem.org
Prof. Horwitz, given your work on family, what changes do you think should be considered to welfare policies? In my ideal libertarian world, the need for such assistance would be far less and it would be provided by the various institutions of civil society. If you haven't read Dave Beito's From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State, there's the place to start. If the state is going to be involved, I would like to see two kinds of related changes. We need to get away from welfare systems that create perverse incentives that discourage the formation of healthy families. The tax/welfare system is so full of special interest nonsense that it creates huge incentives for poor folks not to get married, when doing so can be one (but not the only) way to help them climb the income ladder. The second change is to move toward some sort of basic guaranteed income program. It's not my first best, but it's far better than the status quo. If nothing else, it has far less overhead cost to taxpayers and gets rid of many of the perverse incentives of the current welfare system, especially with respect to marriage adn families. It's also FAR less intrusive on people's privacy.
Wouldn't guaranteed income give people even more of an incentive not to work? It's not clear that it's worse than the status quo and at far less cost. But yes, that's a potential problem and the literature on BGI tries to deal with it. You should google the recent discussion of this topic on bleeding heart libertarians.
Wouldn't a UBI be a forced redistribution of wealth that flies in the face of the non-aggression principal? Again, it's a second best.
Plus, I don't ground my libertarianism in the non-aggression principle. If you could show me that a world with a large government was better than a world with a small or non-existent one, I'd be fine with the large government. I care about consequences first and foremost.
Are there any areas of research where you'd like to see more libertarians focusing their efforts? Are there any areas that draw too much focus from libertarians? Thank you for doing an AMA! In general, there's too many damn economists! I think there are a ton of interesting questions that we should be tackling with more gusto. I'd like to see us do more on family and children, which is why I am working on a book on that topic, but I'd like to see it from a variety of perspectives, such as psychology. I don't think libertarians have done enough history. There are so many interesting historical episodes that could benefit from a reading through the eyes of Mises or Hayek or other libertarian thinkers, including outside economics. I'd love an army of young libertarian scholars taking on those topics, especially the ones related to race and gender, to show how the standard readings of those events, which tend to support bigger government, actually tend to show that government causes way more problems than it cures.
What is your opinion on the Civil Rights Act of 1964? The CRA did two things. One, it banned government sponsored discrimination such as that associated with Jim Crow (and let's not forget that Jim Crow was the state and that many private firms opposed it). Two, it banned private discrimination on the basis of race - the counter at Woolworth's.
The first was a HUGE gain for liberty and I obviously support it strongly. One element of libertarianism/classical liberalism is that IF there's a state, it must treat all citizens the same. Equality before the law is a libertarian principle.
The second was a loss for liberty - the loss of freedom of association and that's a bad thing. On net, the gains of the CRA, in my view, strongly outweighed the losses, and in the imperfect world of politics, it was the best anyone was going to get in 1964. Had I been in Congress as a libertarian, I would have voted for it.
One additional note though: with the advent of fast communications technology and the net, the belief that markets and civil society could not sufficiently punish private discriminators seems farfetched. Can you imagine what people would do on Yelp (or here!) if a restaurant put up a "no blacks served" sign? Or a "no gays" one? It's harder for bigots to hide these days, esp. when the tolerance level for those behaviors is so low.
So yes, the CRA wasn't perfect from a libertarian perspective, but it was a big improvement.
What is one thing you believe that most libertarians do not? Or: What is one thing you disagree with most libertarians about? I love this question. I think the answer to both is the same: I am much more sympathetic to feminism, even of the non-libertarian sort, than are most libertarians. The result is a lot of arguments. I think that libertarians have done to feminism exactly what libertarians accuse others of doing to us: taking the most extreme and silly people as representative of what's typical. My experience of 25 years in academia with lots of left feminists is that the libertarian caricature of them is simply unrecognizable. Yes, that caricature exists, but those are the Alex Jones's of feminism - they are not the typical one, even among academics.
What's the state of libertarianism in other parts of the world? Not only in Europe, but perhaps in Asia, Africa and Latin America? How's it'views in Austria? :-) What do you think happens in Malaysia, Hong Kong and Cayman Islands, is libertarian philosophy used to justify part of the status quo there? Are you in contact with any intellectual from there? Where is libertarianism, as an offical party, is stronger and where has it won elections, finally if so, how did it go? TKS! I have never been more optimistic about the growth and influence of libertarian ideas globally than I am now. In particulary, the growth of STudents for Liberty across the world as well as the ways in which technology has made ideas and resources available, along with the development of dozens of think tanks, are good evidence that these ideas are developing a presence and being heard globally.
What's the best financial advice you have for young people? Let's start with an easy one: Pay your bills on time. Seriously. If you establish a reputation for being someone who lives up to their promises and understands the importance of financial trust, other things will follow from there. This is so important for things like your credit rating and the like. If you're in college or just out, this should be your priority. After that? Just remember that you will have a future and the future you will be happy that the present you did not put him/her in too much debt and that you saved something for a rainy day or two. But the easy best advice: pay your bills on time all the time.
So your saying paying 60,000 a year for SLU isn't a great investment. It isn't for everyone! Depends on your net cost, your ability to handle debt, what you want to do with your life etc. For some people it is a great investment, not for others. I'm not someone who thinks everyone should go to college.
If state intervention is generally counterproductive, why do the Nordic/Western European countries rank higher than the United States does in quality of life, education, environment, etc.? Because many of those countries actually have freer economies than the US, which now ranks 17th free across the globe, as the commenter below notes.
If you could debate any intellectual and/or public figure who would it be? Rachel Maddow. I want to wipe that smug smile right off her face. :)
I would love to see that! Mostly because you're the one who's coming off smug right now. Nicely played.
On election day, there are a lot of libertarians making a point of the fact they don't vote. Do you vote? How do libertarians expect to change government if you don't vote? I do not vote. I don't think it's immoral/wrong to vote. I just think that's largely ineffective.
Social change comes from changing the climate of ideas, like doing an AMA, or teaching economics, or doing a program on House of Cards, or writing a letter to the editor, or dozens of other acts of engaged, concerned citizenship we might choose to engage in. Voting, to me, is just not an effective path to social change.
Is there a better term than "invisible hand" which is often mocked, to describe the invisible hand? Great question. It shouldn't get the bad press it does, as Smith was a genius who people outside economics should be reading and taking way more seriously than they do. I tend to use "spontaneous order" which is usually associated with Hayek, though he got it from the philosopher-chemist Michael Polanyi. The idea is that the order of the market is the product of human action, but not human design. You can talk of "emergent order" as well, as "emergence" in that sense is hot in complexity theory and the sciences.
But I think the best way to do this, especially with lefitsts, is to make the analogies to evolution by natural selection. If people believe that the natural world is orderly but without a designer, then they should be open to the argument that the social world is too. If you think "Intelligent Design" is a joke in biology, then you should think "Intelligent Economic Planning" is the equivalent joke in economics. HEre's an old and short blog post of mine on this issue: Link to www.coordinationproblem.org
After NYTimes published an article attacking Rand Paul you made comments about how libertarians ought to "call out" people with racist/sexist et al attitudes within the movement; you also personally stated your refusal to cooperate with such persons, even in efforts against the state. The answer to your last question is yes. I have plenty of libertarian friends who believe things I think are wrong, but we still work together productively. That's one of the healthiest signs in our movement - we HAVE disagreements and can work together in spite of them.
I was wondering, do you really believe there should be such red lines in the sand, even if you and the other person agree on a majority of public policy issues? If so, what is your own personal red line? Do you think it's possible for libertarians to cooperate on the issues they agree on whilst criticizing each other on the things they disagree on? If a person or institution continually supports positions that I think are deeply wrong, and especially when I think that position also undermines the good work being done by other libertarians, we should call them out on it. Social pressure and shunning is not coercion. It's freedom of disassociation. And we should use it.
Steve, what do you say to "established" - read Keynesian economists who argue that libertarians are not "evidence" focused or logically consistent? One thing I do is point them to the link below and open a discussion about what we mean by "evidence": Link to www.cato-unbound.org It's also important to remember the economics world does not divide into two groups: "libertarians" and "Keynesians." There are all kinds of flavors here and we need to recognize those differences.
What is the best way to try to convince/change the minds of those who are generally inclined toward state intervention to solve problems? Show them the practical consequences of intervention and of markets. This is why we need really good empirical work, especially good history. For example, the more we write and talk about the Great Recession and have a great command of the facts to explain why it was a failure of policy not markets, the more likely we are to push people in our direction. History is very powerful in setting people's narratives and we need counter-narratives. I also think that we need to be very mindful of our rhetoric. We CANNOT say things that allow others to tag us as racists/sexists etc, or that we don't care about the poor. And we need to be unafraid to call out leftists (for example) who make that accusation over policy differences. Objecting to minimum wage laws is NOT racist and people who say it is need to be called out both for their historical ignorance (it's the MW laws that are racist!) and for their refusal to discuss in good faith.
How do you feel about the state helping those who can't help themselves? For example, should the state step in for cases of child/elder abuse? These are IMO some of the hardest issues for libertarians. Let me stay with child abuse. I think first we have to distinguish abuse and neglect. I think with neglect, there are ways that non-state institutions can work with families to improve outcomes. And, importantly, we have to ask "compared to what?" Perhaps the child is in less than optimal circumstances, but will that be improved upon if the state moves them somewhere else?
In general, I think that there are Hayekian reasons to think that parents have the best knowledge and incentives to do what's right for their kids, so the bar for state intervention should always be quite high - and the state should bear the burden of proof.
If we are talking abuse, then different story. If the state has the responsibility for protecting the rights of adults against violence from others, then it has that same right with respect to children and violence form their parents. I am a strong defender of parental rights, but those do not extend to clear cases of abuse (as opposed to mild forms of corporal punishment). But even here, the state should be working with extended family, friends, and organizations like synagogues or churches or the like to find solutions that minimize the impact on kids.
As to how an anarchist society would handle these situations, my honest answer is that I do not know.
Where is the brightline between neglect and abuse? Punishment to some people is much harsher than others. A girl recently died of hypothermia near where I live because staying outside in a barn was used as punishment. THere's not a brightline. We shouldn't expect one either. That's why these issues are so hard.
Do you get along with the Keynsians or do you sit on oppostie sides of the room at the faculty Christmas party? Every single one of my closest friends on the SLU faculty is a leftist.
Consortin' with the enemy, eh? ;) I'm a consorter from way back.
Keynesians are "leftists" like Republicans are "capitalists". In fact even calling Keynesians, who are by definition capitalist, "leftists" is sort of silly. That said, I know this AMA is dead and I don't expect a response but as a left libertarian I just wanted to say that chafed me a little. I meant leftist. Not Keynesian. My friends on the faculty are leftists not Keynesians.
Related to your research on families, what do you think about the advice (usually coming from the right) that one of the most beneficial things the poor can do to improve their lot in life is to get married? There's some truth to that, but it's more complicated than it's been presented as. Married people DO have much better outcomes along almost any measure you care to look at (including their sex lives). But that doesn't mean you should just "get married" regardless of who the other person is and what your particular circumstances are. And as I noted earlier, public policy distorts the incentives to marry in ways that encourages it where it shouldn't and discourages it where people could benefit from marriage. So yeah, marriage is good for people (gays and lesbians too), but that's not "get married no matter what."
Do you worry that a free market is too concerned with the present and not suited to deal with long term problems, like climate change? Hypothetically, if we could see that the free market was bringing about a catastrophe, should we intervene with our best idea of what suitable regulation would be? Do you think a system in which the participants are almost exclusively concerned with what will happen in the next 2, 4, or 6 years is MORE capable of thinking in the long term than the owners of capital who can pass its value to others over an indefinite time frame? I think that markets are far better able to think about the long run than is the political system, assuming that the right institutional structure is in place in the market.
How would we even know the market was bringing about a catastrophe? What's the sort of scenario you have in mind? (It probably shouldn't be climate change because that has to account for gov't)
Do you deny the positive effects of the 2009 American Recovery Act (ARA) on the U.S. economy? China has used both a market-based and state-based approach in concert to create a strong economy. Does this indicate to you that the state should have some economic control? Yes I deny them. Where was the "market-based" approach? And where is the strong economy? Millions have left the labor force. Unemployment remains notably higher than was predicted if we passed the ARRA. Private investment is still very low. The recovery in employment is the slowest since the Great Depression.
So, does this theory reject the phenomenon that markets will overheat, or ever need to be stimulated? Markets are not physical systems, they are human ones. Using metaphors from physical systems gets us off on the wrong track.
Are you relating the free-market to House of Cards? How is the online class going to be structured and what will it be about? Also, can you pinpoint an event in history where a free-market system has prevailed? It's about how HoC shows the failures of the political system through the lens of Public Cholce Theory. You will get to see some video lectures by me as well as other videos on line, plus participate in online discussions on Facebook and real-time chats.
Do you watch Parks and Rec? If so, how do you feel about Ron Swanson's portrayal of Libertarianism? I don't. I should. So I can't answer this one. Sorry.
Do you think our lack of growth comes from a deficiency of inflation like the Federal Reserve suggests? Do you think we are experiencing deflation/stagflation that is being papered over by monetary easing/competitive devaluation or do you believe the FED is 'exporting' inflation to EM currencies through carry trades given the inflation rates of the EM markets? We are not suffering from too little inflation. We are suffering from too much regulation, too much uncertainty, too much anti-business rhetoric, and a central bank that won't adhere to the rule of law. (And it's the Fed not the FED - sorry, pet peeve :) ).
Tonight is TV night with my GF. House of Cards or True Detective? Which show should I start tonight? I haven't watched TD, but man do I love House of Cards.
Hey Steve. Should they legalize pot, or what? They should legalize pot... and "what", as well. :)
How do you respond to the accusation that you don't care about poor people when you oppose raising the minimum wage? (This happened to me, recently.) I send them here: Link to www.fee.org
Why free markets are both the most efficient and most resilient systems? Because they are best at discovering and making use of dispersed, contextual, and often inarticulate human knowledge. They are social learning processes with very powerful feedback processes that help us know when we've made mistakes and provide incentives to correct them.
Markets aren't better because people make fewer mistakes in the market than in government (think about all the restaurants that fail). They are better because those failures take place in an institutional structure that provides knowledge and signals for everyone else to correct them in ways that political institutions do not.
What are your thoughts on the arguments that market anarchists like Michael Huemer and Roderick Long put forward? Specifically in regards to markets in law and defense. I consider myself to be a market anarchist (at least most days). While I'm not sure I can provide an answer to how markets and civil society might solve every problem, I have yet to be convinced by an explanation for how the state could. The burden of proof is on the state and it hasn't met it yet, but that doesn't mean we "know" markets/voluntary social cooperation have the answers to the tough questions like those.
I am much more persuaded by arguments for polycentric legal systems than for privatized defense. But here too - does anyone really believe that gov't does a good job defending us, especially when we consider the rent-seeking involved and the ways in which the tools the state adopts to "defend" us quickly oppress us - think the NSA/war on terror.
I"ll take my chances with the unknown over the known evil.
What are you having for dinner? Mediocre Mexican is the plan. That's as good as Mexican gets up here in the hinterlands.
What's your response to more Rothbardian readings of Human Action that take more radical claims about the supremacy of a priorism? I would LOVE to come to Hillsdale. I've talked with folks there about doing so, but we can't seem to find a time that works.
Also, would you mind coming to Hillsdale College sometimes soon to give a lecture if I say pretty please and promise a brownie? I think those Rothbardian readings are mistaken. Here's some thoughts on Mises and methodology that might explain why: Link to www.cato-unbound.org
Do you feel the Austrian School was strengthened or discredited internationally as a result of the Great Recession? Only reason I've asked is that I've heard both and you seem to be a more credible source on the issue then some other media sources I could name. Strengthened. Austrians have had more positive attention, and deservedly so, because I do think that Austrian theory provides a very powerful lens with which to understand the boom, bust, and crisis. Link to www.fee.org
Any good books about economy for a high schooler? You can always start with "Economics in One Lesson". Also a new book by Howard Baetjer "Free Our Markets."
Prof. Horwitz, what books (either by Hayek or about him) do you consider the best for a student to start learning about F.A.? Individualism and Economic Order Constitution of Liberty
Favorite rush song/album? "Natural Science" and "Moving Pictures" Link to myslu.stlawu.edu
How many Bitcoins did you lose in this "Magic the Gathering Online Exchange" silliness? Zero. I own none. I have never owned any.
I've never listened to Rush. What song should I start with? Wow. THat depends. What's your taste in music and how much of a libertarian are you? :)
Are you a feminist? I'd like to think so, but others might disagree.
What are your thoughts on monetary inflation? What do you believe would be a better system than the federal reserve determining how much new money to print? I am an advocate of "free banking." Link to www.youtube.com
What's your favorite part of northern ny? Ps. I don't miss the cold. The people.
What do you suggest against the prisoner's dillemma? Find me a real world case where the parties could not communicate and/or solve the problem through the reputational effects of repeated play.
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$5200 Bitcoin price with Richard Heart

$5200 Bitcoin price with Richard Heart Richard Heart. Loading... Unsubscribe from Richard Heart? ... The True Reason Why America's Enemies Still Fear the B-1 BOMBER - Duration: 10:40. US Military ... Programmed to pump. Stake it till you make it! Richard Heart: Bitcoin thought leader, cryptocurrency investor, author, serial entrepreneur. HEX Contract Address ... Happy Valentine's Day everyone! In today's episode, I'm going to share with you some interesting facts about the top cryptos on valentine's day. Also some crypto related suggestions for the ... Bitcoin BTC Longs just saw a RECORD amount of volume which is a huge sign of upcoming positive price action. Let's look at our price predictions today and do some technical analysis! John McAfee's $2 MILLION BTC Price Prediction Bitcoin Halving Impact Crypto.Com Lists TOMOCHAIN

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