|submitted by citadrianne to Bitcoin [link] [comments]|
So I found out something interesting. Bitcoin/Bitcoin cash is in denominated in satoshi which is 8 decimal places. However a lot of currency converters truncate the number of decimal places e.g. showing 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 decimal places instead of the full 8. In fact coingecko widget showed 12 decimal places!submitted by iammultiman to btc [link] [comments]
I found this when trying to determine the number of satoshi that make 1 US cent at the current BCH market price using google's converter, coinmill, currencio and even coingecko and coinmarketcap who I expected to know better than disrespect the decimal place rule of bitcoin.
Decimal places for BCH on coingecko widget.
This poses a problem when you are trying to find how much satoshi is needed for a tx or how much satoshi you get for x. A lay person might mistaken the smallest digit of the truncated figure to represent satoshi when it isn't.
I found only one site that respected the 8 decimal places rule when displaying converted amounts. https://coinpaprika.com/converte
A) On coinmarketcap I put 1 cent and it displayed as 0.000039 when converting to bch (6 decimal places)
B) In coingecko widget I put 0.01 usd and got 0.000039436842 bch (12 decimal places)
C) On coinpaprika 1 cent is displayed correctly as 0.00003926 when converting to bch (8 decimal places)
Now in the absence of a BCH satoshi converter (I did not find one), a lay person might easily conclude 1 cent is 39 satoshi if they used coinmarket cap or 39436842 satoshi if the used coingecko when in fact it is 3,926 satoshi (coinpaprika got it right).
Crypto must be made easier for the masses to adopt. Especially for a cryptocurrency aiming to be used as everyday currency.
This is something the whole bitcoin community should take seriously. If bitcoin and bch are denominated in satoshi then it is important converters respect the decimal places rule. A step in the right direction would be for crypto sites to get their decimal places displayed right at least for major cryptos.
Author: Gamals Ahmed, CoinEx Business Ambassadorsubmitted by CoinEx_Institution to kybernetwork [link] [comments]
ABSTRACTIn this research report, we present a study on Kyber Network. Kyber Network is a decentralized, on-chain liquidity protocol designed to make trading tokens simple, efficient, robust and secure.
Kyber design allows any party to contribute to an aggregated pool of liquidity within each blockchain while providing a single endpoint for takers to execute trades using the best rates available. We envision a connected liquidity network that facilitates seamless, decentralized cross-chain token swaps across Kyber based networks on different chains.
Kyber is a fully on-chain liquidity protocol that enables decentralized exchange of cryptocurrencies in any application. Liquidity providers (Reserves) are integrated into one single endpoint for takers and users. When a user requests a trade, the protocol will scan the entire network to find the reserve with the best price and take liquidity from that particular reserve.
1.INTRODUCTIONDeFi applications all need access to good liquidity sources, which is a critical component to provide good services. Currently, decentralized liquidity is comprised of various sources including DEXes (Uniswap, OasisDEX, Bancor), decentralized funds and other financial apps. The more scattered the sources, the harder it becomes for anyone to either find the best rate for their trade or to even find enough liquidity for their need.
Kyber is a blockchain-based liquidity protocol that aggregates liquidity from a wide range of reserves, powering instant and secure token exchange in any decentralized application.
The protocol allows for a wide range of implementation possibilities for liquidity providers, allowing a wide range of entities to contribute liquidity, including end users, decentralized exchanges and other decentralized protocols. On the taker side, end users, cryptocurrency wallets, and smart contracts are able to perform instant and trustless token trades at the best rates available amongst the sources.
The Kyber Network is project based on the Ethereum protocol that seeks to completely decentralize the exchange of crypto currencies and make exchange trustless by keeping everything on the blockchain.
Through the Kyber Network, users should be able to instantly convert or exchange any crypto currency.
1.1 OVERVIEW ABOUT KYBER NETWORK PROTOCOLThe Kyber Network is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly — no waiting and no registration needed.
Using this protocol, developers can build innovative payment flows and applications, including instant token swap services, ERC20 payments, and financial DApps — helping to build a world where any token is usable anywhere.
Kyber’s fully on-chain design allows for full transparency and verifiability in the matching engine, as well as seamless composability with DApps, not all of which are possible with off-chain or hybrid approaches. The integration of a large variety of liquidity providers also makes Kyber uniquely capable of supporting sophisticated schemes and catering to the needs of DeFi DApps and financial institutions. Hence, many developers leverage Kyber’s liquidity pool to build innovative financial applications, and not surprisingly, Kyber is the most used DeFi protocol in the world.
The Kyber Network is quite an established project that is trying to change the way we think of decentralised crypto currency exchange.
The Kyber Network has seen very rapid development. After being announced in May 2017 the testnet for the Kyber Network went live in August 2017. An ICO followed in September 2017, with the company raising 200,000 ETH valued at $60 million in just one day.
The live main net was released in February 2018 to whitelisted participants, and on March 19, 2018, the Kyber Network opened the main net as a public beta. Since then the network has seen increasing growth, with network volumes growing more than 500% in the first half of 2019.
Although there was a modest decrease in August 2019 that can be attributed to the price of ETH dropping by 50%, impacting the overall total volumes being traded and processed globally.
They are developing a decentralised exchange protocol that will allow developers to build payment flows and financial apps. This is indeed quite a competitive market as a number of other such protocols have been launched.
In Brief - Kyber Network is a tool that allows anyone to swap tokens instantly without having to use exchanges. - It allows vendors to accept different types of cryptocurrency while still being paid in their preferred crypto of choice. - It’s built primarily for Ethereum, but any smart-contract based blockchain can incorporate it.
At its core, Kyber is a decentralized way to exchange ETH and different ERC20 tokens instantly–no waiting and no registration needed. To do this Kyber uses a diverse set of liquidity pools, or pools of different crypto assets called “reserves” that any project can tap into or integrate with.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
All this swapping happens directly on the Ethereum blockchain, meaning every transaction is completely transparent.
1.1.1 WHY BUILD THE KYBER NETWORK?While crypto currencies were built to be decentralized, many of the exchanges for trading crypto currencies have become centralized affairs. This has led to security vulnerabilities, with many exchanges becoming the victims of hacking and theft.
It has also led to increased fees and costs, and the centralized exchanges often come with slow transfer times as well. In some cases, wallets have been locked and users are unable to withdraw their coins.
Decentralized exchanges have popped up recently to address the flaws in the centralized exchanges, but they have their own flaws, most notably a lack of liquidity, and often times high costs to modify trades in their on-chain order books.
Some of the Integrations with Kyber Protocol
The Kyber Network was formed to provide users with a decentralized exchange that keeps everything right on the blockchain, and uses a reserve system rather than an order book to provide high liquidity at all times. This will allow for the exchange and transfer of any cryptocurrency, even cross exchanges, and costs will be kept at a minimum as well.
The Kyber Network has three guiding design philosophies since the start:
1.1.2 WHO INVENTED KYBER?Kyber’s founders are Loi Luu, Victor Tran, Yaron Velner — CEO, CTO, and advisor to the Kyber Network.
1.1.3 WHAT DISTINGUISHES KYBER?Kyber’s mission has always been to integrate with other protocols so they’ve focused on being developer-friendly by providing architecture to allow anyone to incorporate the technology onto any smart-contract powered blockchain. As a result, a variety of different dapps, vendors, and wallets use Kyber’s infrastructure including Set Protocol, bZx, InstaDApp, and Coinbase wallet.
Besides, dapps, vendors, and wallets, Kyber also integrates with other exchanges such as Uniswap — sharing liquidity pools between the two protocols.
A typical use case would be if a vendor allowed customers to pay in whatever currency they wish, but receive the payment in their preferred token. Another example would be for Dapp users. At present, if you are not a token holder of a certain Dapp you can’t use it. With Kyber, you could use your existing tokens, instantly swap them for the Dapp specific token and away you go.
Limit orders on Kyber allow users to set a specific price in which they would like to exchange a token instead of accepting whatever price currently exists at the time of trading. However, unlike with other exchanges, users never lose custody of their crypto assets during limit orders on Kyber.
The Kyber protocol works by using pools of crypto funds called “reserves”, which currently support over 70 different ERC20 tokens. Reserves are essentially smart contracts with a pool of funds. Different parties with different prices and levels of funding control all reserves. Instead of using order books to match buyers and sellers to return the best price, the Kyber protocol looks at all the reserves and returns the best price among the different reserves. Reserves make money on the “spread” or differences between the buying and selling prices. The Kyber wants any token holder to easily convert one token to another with a minimum of fuss.
1.2 KYBER PROTOCOLThe protocol smart contracts offer a single interface for the best available token exchange rates to be taken from an aggregated liquidity pool across diverse sources. ● Aggregated liquidity pool. The protocol aggregates various liquidity sources into one liquidity pool, making it easy for takers to find the best rates offered with one function call. ● Diverse sources of liquidity. The protocol allows different types of liquidity sources to be plugged into. Liquidity providers may employ different strategies and different implementations to contribute liquidity to the protocol. ● Permissionless. The protocol is designed to be permissionless where any developer can set up various types of reserves, and any end user can contribute liquidity. Implementations need to take into consideration various security vectors, such as reserve spamming, but can be mitigated through a staking mechanism. We can expect implementations to be permissioned initially until the maintainers are confident about these considerations.
The core feature that the Kyber protocol facilitates is the token swap between taker and liquidity sources. The protocol aims to provide the following properties for token trades: ● Instant Settlement. Takers do not have to wait for their orders to be fulfilled, since trade matching and settlement occurs in a single blockchain transaction. This enables trades to be part of a series of actions happening in a single smart contract function. ● Atomicity. When takers make a trade request, their trade either gets fully executed, or is reverted. This “all or nothing” aspect means that takers are not exposed to the risk of partial trade execution. ● Public rate verification. Anyone can verify the rates that are being offered by reserves and have their trades instantly settled just by querying from the smart contracts. ● Ease of integration. Trustless and atomic token trades can be directly and easily integrated into other smart contracts, thereby enabling multiple trades to be performed in a smart contract function.
How each actor works is specified in Section Network Actors. 1. Takers refer to anyone who can directly call the smart contract functions to trade tokens, such as end-users, DApps, and wallets. 2. Reserves refer to anyone who wishes to provide liquidity. They have to implement the smart contract functions defined in the reserve interface in order to be registered and have their token pairs listed. 3. Registered reserves refer to those that will be cycled through for matching taker requests. 4. Maintainers refer to anyone who has permission to access the functions for the adding/removing of reserves and token pairs, such as a DAO or the team behind the protocol implementation. 5. In all, they comprise of the network, which refers to all the actors involved in any given implementation of the protocol.
The protocol implementation needs to have the following: 1. Functions for takers to check rates and execute the trades 2. Functions for the maintainers to registeremove reserves and token pairs 3. Reserve interface that defines the functions reserves needs to implement
1.3 KYBER CORE SMART CONTRACTSKyber Core smart contracts is an implementation of the protocol that has major protocol functions to allow actors to join and interact with the network. For example, the Kyber Core smart contracts provide functions for the listing and delisting of reserves and trading pairs by having clear interfaces for the reserves to comply to be able to register to the network and adding support for new trading pairs. In addition, the Kyber Core smart contracts also provide a function for takers to query the best rate among all the registered reserves, and perform the trades with the corresponding rate and reserve. A trading pair consists of a quote token and any other token that the reserve wishes to support. The quote token is the token that is either traded from or to for all trades. For example, the Ethereum implementation of the Kyber protocol uses Ether as the quote token.
In order to search for the best rate, all reserves supporting the requested token pair will be iterated through. Hence, the Kyber Core smart contracts need to have this search algorithm implemented.
The key functions implemented in the Kyber Core Smart Contracts are listed in Figure 2 below. We will visit and explain the implementation details and security considerations of each function in the Specification Section.
1.4 HOW KYBER’S ON-CHAIN PROTOCOL WORKS?Kyber is the liquidity infrastructure for decentralized finance. Kyber aggregates liquidity from diverse sources into a pool, which provides the best rates for takers such as DApps, Wallets, DEXs, and End users.
1.4.1 PROVIDING LIQUIDITY AS A RESERVEAnyone can operate a Kyber Reserve to market make for profit and make their tokens available for DApps in the ecosystem. Through an open reserve architecture, individuals, token teams and professional market makers can contribute token assets to Kyber’s liquidity pool and earn from the spread in every trade. These tokens become available at the best rates across DApps that tap into the network, making them instantly more liquid and useful.
MAIN RESERVE TYPES Kyber currently has over 45 reserves in its network providing liquidity. There are 3 main types of reserves that allow different liquidity contribution options to suit the unique needs of different providers. 1. Automated Price Reserves (APR) — Allows token teams and users with large token holdings to have an automated yet customized pricing system with low maintenance costs. Synthetix and Melon are examples of teams that run APRs. 2. Fed Price Reserves (FPR) — Operated by professional market makers that require custom and advanced pricing strategies tailored to their specific needs. Kyber alongside reserves such as OneBit, runs FPRs. 3. Bridge Reserves (BR) — These are specialized reserves meant to bring liquidity from other on-chain liquidity providers like Uniswap, Oasis, DutchX, and Bancor into the network.
1.5 KYBER NETWORK ROLESThere Kyber Network functions through coordination between several different roles and functions as explained below: - Users — This entity uses the Kyber Network to send and receive tokens. A user can be an individual, a merchant, and even a smart contract account. - Reserve Entities — This role is used to add liquidity to the platform through the dynamic reserve pool. Some reserve entities are internal to the Kyber Network, but others may be registered third parties. Reserve entities may be public if the public contributes to the reserves they hold, otherwise they are considered private. By allowing third parties as reserve entities the network adds diversity, which prevents monopolization and keeps exchange rates competitive. Allowing third party reserve entities also allows for the listing of less popular coins with lower volumes. - Reserve Contributors — Where reserve entities are classified as public, the reserve contributor is the entity providing reserve funds. Their incentive for doing so is a profit share from the reserve. - The Reserve Manager — Maintains the reserve, calculates exchange rates and enters them into the network. The reserve manager profits from exchange spreads set by them on their reserves. They can also benefit from increasing volume by accessing the entire Kyber Network. - The Kyber Network Operator — Currently the Kyber Network team is filling the role of the network operator, which has a function to adds/remove Reserve Entities as well as controlling the listing of tokens. Eventually, this role will revert to a proper decentralized governance.
1.6 BASIC TOKEN TRADEA basic token trade is one that has the quote token as either the source or destination token of the trade request. The execution flow of a basic token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for ETH as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 1 ETH to the protocol contract, and would like to receive BAT in return. 2. Protocol contract queries the first reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 3. Reserve 1 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 800 BAT. 4. Protocol contract queries the second reserve for its ETH to BAT exchange rate. 5. Reserve 2 offers an exchange rate of 1 ETH for 820 BAT. 6. This process goes on for the other reserves. After the iteration, reserve 2 is discovered to have offered the best ETH to BAT exchange rate. 7. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to reserve 2. 8. The reserve sends 820 BAT to the taker.
1.7 TOKEN-TO-TOKEN TRADEA token-to-token trade is one where the quote token is neither the source nor the destination token of the trade request. The exchange flow of a token to token trade is depicted in the diagram below, where a taker would like to exchange BAT tokens for DAI as an example. The trade happens in a single blockchain transaction. 1. Taker sends 50 BAT to the protocol contract, and would like to receive DAI in return. 2. Protocol contract sends 50 BAT to the reserve offering the best BAT to ETH rate. 3. Protocol contract receives 1 ETH in return. 4. Protocol contract sends 1 ETH to the reserve offering the best ETH to DAI rate. 5. Protocol contract receives 30 DAI in return. 6. Protocol contract sends 30 DAI to the user.
2.KYBER NETWORK CRYSTAL (KNC) TOKENKyber Network Crystal (KNC) is an ERC-20 utility token and an integral part of Kyber Network.
KNC is the first deflationary staking token where staking rewards and token burns are generated from actual network usage and growth in DeFi.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) is the backbone of the Kyber Network. It works to connect liquidity providers and those who need liquidity and serves three distinct purposes. The first of these is to collect transaction fees, and a portion of every fee collected is burned, which keeps KNC deflationary. Kyber Network Crystals (KNC), are named after the crystals in Star Wars used to power light sabers.
The KNC also ensures the smooth operation of the reserve system in the Kyber liquidity since entities must use third-party tokens to buy the KNC that pays for their operations in the network.
KNC allows token holders to play a critical role in determining the incentive system, building a wide base of stakeholders, and facilitating economic flow in the network. A small fee is charged each time a token exchange happens on the network, and KNC holders get to vote on this fee model and distribution, as well as other important decisions. Over time, as more trades are executed, additional fees will be generated for staking rewards and reserve rebates, while more KNC will be burned. - Participation rewards — KNC holders can stake KNC in the KyberDAO and vote on key parameters. Voters will earn staking rewards (in ETH) - Burning — Some of the network fees will be burned to reduce KNC supply permanently, providing long-term value accrual from decreasing supply. - Reserve incentives — KNC holders determine the portion of network fees that are used as rebates for selected liquidity providers (reserves) based on their volume performance.
Finally, the KNC token is the connection between the Kyber Network and the exchanges, wallets, and dApps that leverage the liquidity network. This is a virtuous system since entities are rewarded with referral fees for directing more users to the Kyber Network, which helps increase adoption for Kyber and for the entities using the Network.
And of course there will soon be a fourth and fifth uses for the KNC, which will be as a staking token used to generate passive income, as well as a governance token used to vote on key parameters of the network.
The Kyber Network Crystal (KNC) was released in a September 2017 ICO at a price around $1. There were 226,000,000 KNC minted for the ICO, with 61% sold to the public. The remaining 39% are controlled 50/50 by the company and the founders/advisors, with a 1 year lockup period and 2 year vesting period.
Currently, just over 180 million coins are in circulation, and the total supply has been reduced to 210.94 million after the company burned 1 millionth KNC token in May 2019 and then its second millionth KNC token just three months later.
That means that while it took 15 months to burn the first million KNC, it took just 10 weeks to burn the second million KNC. That shows how rapidly adoption has been growing recently for Kyber, with July 2019 USD trading volumes on the Kyber Network nearly reaching $60 million. This volume has continued growing, and on march 13, 2020 the network experienced its highest daily trading activity of $33.7 million in a 24-hour period.
Currently KNC is required by Reserve Managers to operate on the network, which ensures a minimum amount of demand for the token. Combined with future plans for burning coins, price is expected to maintain an upward bias, although it has suffered along with the broader market in 2018 and more recently during the summer of 2019.
It was unfortunate in 2020 that a beginning rally was cut short by the coronavirus pandemic, although the token has stabilized as of April 2020, and there are hopes the rally could resume in the summer of 2020.
2.1 HOW ARE KNC TOKENS PRODUCED?The native token of Kyber is called Kyber Network Crystals (KNC). All reserves are required to pay fees in KNC for the right to manage reserves. The KNC collected as fees are either burned and taken out of the total supply or awarded to integrated dapps as an incentive to help them grow.
2.2 HOW DO YOU GET HOLD OF KNC TOKENS?Kyber Swap can be used to buy ETH directly using a credit card, which can then be used to swap for KNC. Besides Kyber itself, exchanges such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex trade KNC.
2.3 WHAT CAN YOU DO WITH KYBER?The most direct and basic function of Kyber is for instantly swapping tokens without registering an account, which anyone can do using an Etheruem wallet such as MetaMask. Users can also create their own reserves and contribute funds to a reserve, but that process is still fairly technical one–something Kyber is working on making easier for users in the future.
2.4 THE GOAL OF KYBER THE FUTUREThe goal of Kyber in the coming years is to solidify its position as a one-stop solution for powering liquidity and token swapping on Ethereum. Kyber plans on a major protocol upgrade called Katalyst, which will create new incentives and growth opportunities for all stakeholders in their ecosystem, especially KNC holders. The upgrade will mean more use cases for KNC including to use KNC to vote on governance decisions through a decentralized organization (DAO) called the KyberDAO.
With our upcoming Katalyst protocol upgrade and new KNC model, Kyber will provide even more benefits for stakeholders. For instance, reserves will no longer need to hold a KNC balance for fees, removing a major friction point, and there will be rebates for top performing reserves. KNC holders can also stake their KNC to participate in governance and receive rewards.
2.5 BUYING & STORING KNCThose interested in buying KNC tokens can do so at a number of exchanges. Perhaps your best bet between the complete list is the likes of Coinbase Pro and Binance. The former is based in the USA whereas the latter is an offshore exchange.
The trading volume is well spread out at these exchanges, which means that the liquidity is not concentrated and dependent on any one exchange. You also have decent liquidity on each of the exchange books. For example, the Binance BTC / KNC books are wide and there is decent turnover. This means easier order execution.
KNC is an ERC20 token and can be stored in any wallet with ERC20 support, such as MyEtherWallet or MetaMask. One interesting alternative is the KyberSwap Android mobile app that was released in August 2019.
It allows for instant swapping of tokens and has support for over 70 different altcoins. It also allows users to set price alerts and limit orders and works as a full-featured Ethereum wallet.
2.6 KYBER KATALYST UPGRADEKyber has announced their intention to become the de facto liquidity layer for the Decentralized Finance space, aiming to have Kyber as the single on-chain endpoint used by the majority of liquidity providers and dApp developers. In order to achieve this goal the Kyber Network team is looking to create an open ecosystem that garners trust from the decentralized finance space. They believe this is the path that will lead the majority of projects, developers, and users to choose Kyber for liquidity needs. With that in mind they have recently announced the launch of a protocol upgrade to Kyber which is being called Katalyst.
The Katalyst upgrade will create a stronger ecosystem by creating strong alignments towards a common goal, while also strengthening the incentives for stakeholders to participate in the ecosystem.
The primary beneficiaries of the Katalyst upgrade will be the three major Kyber stakeholders: 1. Reserve managers who provide network liquidity; 2. dApps that connect takers to Kyber; 3. KNC holders.
These stakeholders can expect to see benefits as highlighted below: Reserve Managers will see two new benefits to providing liquidity for the network. The first of these benefits will be incentives for providing reserves. Once Katalyst is implemented part of the fees collected will go to the reserve managers as an incentive for providing liquidity.
This mechanism is similar to rebates in traditional finance, and is expected to drive the creation of additional reserves and market making, which in turn will lead to greater liquidity and platform reach.
Katalyst will also do away with the need for reserve managers to maintain a KNC balance for use as network fees. Instead fees will be automatically collected and used as incentives or burned as appropriate. This should remove a great deal of friction for reserves to connect with Kyber without affecting the competitive exchange rates that takers in the system enjoy. dApp Integrators will now be able to set their own spread, which will give them full control over their own business model. This means the current fee sharing program that shares 30% of the 0.25% fee with dApp developers will go away and developers will determine their own spread. It’s believed this will increase dApp development within Kyber as developers will now be in control of fees.
KNC Holders, often thought of as the core of the Kyber Network, will be able to take advantage of a new staking mechanism that will allow them to receive a portion of network fees by staking their KNC and participating in the KyberDAO.
2.7 COMING KYBERDAOWith the implementation of the Katalyst protocol the KNC holders will be put right at the heart of Kyber. Holders of KNC tokens will now have a critical role to play in determining the future economic flow of the network, including its incentive systems.
The primary way this will be achieved is through KyberDAO, a way in which on-chain and off-chain governance will align to streamline cooperation between the Kyber team, KNC holders, and market participants.
The Kyber Network team has identified 3 key areas of consideration for the KyberDAO: 1. Broad representation, transparent governance and network stability 2. Strong incentives for KNC holders to maintain their stake and be highly involved in governance 3. Maximizing participation with a wide range of options for voting delegation
Interaction between KNC Holders & Kyber
This means KNC holders have been empowered to determine the network fee and how to allocate the fees to ensure maximum network growth. KNC holders will now have three fee allocation options to vote on: - Voting Rewards: Immediate value creation. Holders who stake and participate in the KyberDAO get their share of the fees designated for rewards. - Burning: Long term value accrual. The decreasing supply of KNC will improve the token appreciation over time and benefit those who did not participate. - Reserve Incentives:Value creation via network growth. By rewarding Kyber reserve managers based on their performance, it helps to drive greater volume, value, and network fees.
2.8 TRANSPARENCY AND STABILITYThe design of the KyberDAO is meant to allow for the greatest network stability, as well as maximum transparency and the ability to quickly recover in emergency situations. Initally the Kyber team will remain as maintainers of the KyberDAO. The system is being developed to be as verifiable as possible, while still maintaining maximum transparency regarding the role of the maintainer in the DAO.
Part of this transparency means that all data and processes are stored on-chain if feasible. Voting regarding network fees and allocations will be done on-chain and will be immutable. In situations where on-chain storage or execution is not feasible there will be a set of off-chain governance processes developed to ensure all decisions are followed through on.
2.9 KNC STAKING AND DELEGATIONStaking will be a new addition and both staking and voting will be done in fixed periods of times called “epochs”. These epochs will be measured in Ethereum block times, and each KyberDAO epoch will last roughly 2 weeks.
This is a relatively rapid epoch and it is beneficial in that it gives more rapid DAO conclusion and decision-making, while also conferring faster reward distribution. On the downside it means there needs to be a new voting campaign every two weeks, which requires more frequent participation from KNC stakeholders, as well as more work from the Kyber team.
Delegation will be part of the protocol, allowing stakers to delegate their voting rights to third-party pools or other entities. The pools receiving the delegation rights will be free to determine their own fee structure and voting decisions. Because the pools will share in rewards, and because their voting decisions will be clearly visible on-chain, it is expected that they will continue to work to the benefit of the network.
3. TRADINGAfter the September 2017 ICO, KNC settled into a trading price that hovered around $1.00 (decreasing in BTC value) until December. The token has followed the trend of most other altcoins — rising in price through December and sharply declining toward the beginning of January 2018.
The KNC price fell throughout all of 2018 with one exception during April. From April 6th to April 28th, the price rose over 200 percent. This run-up coincided with a blog post outlining plans to bring Bitcoin to the Ethereum blockchain. Since then, however, the price has steadily fallen, currently resting on what looks like a $0.15 (~0.000045 BTC) floor.
With the number of partners using the Kyber Network, the price may rise as they begin to fully use the network. The development team has consistently hit the milestones they’ve set out to achieve, so make note of any release announcements on the horizon.
4. COMPETITIONThe 0x project is the biggest competitor to Kyber Network. Both teams are attempting to enter the decentralized exchange market. The primary difference between the two is that Kyber performs the entire exchange process on-chain while 0x keeps the order book and matching off-chain.
As a crypto swap exchange, the platform also competes with ShapeShift and Changelly.
5.KYBER MILESTONES• June 2020: Digifox, an all-in-one finance application by popular crypto trader and Youtuber Nicholas Merten a.k.a DataDash (340K subs), integrated Kyber to enable users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies without having to leave the application. • June 2020: Stake Capital partnered with Kyber to provide convenient KNC staking and delegation services, and also took a KNC position to participate in governance. • June 2020: Outlined the benefits of the Fed Price Reserve (FPR) for professional market makers and advanced developers. • May 2020: Kyber crossed US$1 Billion in total trading volume and 1 Million transactions, performed entirely on-chain on Ethereum. • May 2020: StakeWith.Us partnered Kyber Network as a KyberDAO Pool Master. • May 2020: 2Key, a popular blockchain referral solution using smart links, integrated Kyber’s on-chain liquidity protocol for seamless token swaps • May 2020: Blockchain game League of Kingdoms integrated Kyber to accept Token Payments for Land NFTs. • May 2020: Joined the Zcash Developer Alliance , an invite-only working group to advance Zcash development and interoperability. • May 2020: Joined the Chicago DeFi Alliance to help accelerate on-chain market making for professionals and developers. • March 2020: Set a new record of USD $33.7M in 24H fully on-chain trading volume, and $190M in 30 day on-chain trading volume. • March 2020: Integrated by Rarible, Bullionix, and Unstoppable Domains, with the KyberWidget deployed on IPFS, which allows anyone to swap tokens through Kyber without being blocked. • February 2020: Popular Ethereum blockchain game Axie Infinity integrated Kyber to accept ERC20 payments for NFT game items. • February 2020: Kyber’s protocol was integrated by Gelato Finance, Idle Finance, rTrees, Sablier, and 0x API for their liquidity needs. • January 2020: Kyber Network was found to be the most used protocol in the whole decentralized finance (DeFi) space in 2019, according to a DeFi research report by Binance. • December 2019: Switcheo integrated Kyber’s protocol for enhanced liquidity on their own DEX. • December 2019: DeFi Wallet Eidoo integrated Kyber for seamless in-wallet token swaps. • December 2019: Announced the development of the Katalyst Protocol Upgrade and new KNC token model. • July 2019: Developed the Waterloo Bridge , a Decentralized Practical Cross-chain Bridge between EOS and Ethereum, successfully demonstrating a token swap between Ethereum to EOS. • July 2019: Trust Wallet, the official Binance wallet, integrated Kyber as part of its decentralized token exchange service, allowing even more seamless in-wallet token swaps for thousands of users around the world. • May 2019: HTC, the large consumer electronics company with more than 20 years of innovation, integrated Kyber into its Zion Vault Wallet on EXODUS 1 , the first native web 3.0 blockchain phone, allowing users to easily swap between cryptocurrencies in a decentralized manner without leaving the wallet. • January 2019: Introduced the Automated Price Reserve (APR) , a capital efficient way for token teams and individuals to market make with low slippage. • January 2019: The popular Enjin Wallet, a default blockchain DApp on the Samsung S10 and S20 mobile phones, integrated Kyber to enable in-wallet token swaps. • October 2018: Kyber was a founding member of the WBTC (Wrapped Bitcoin) Initiative and DAO. • October 2018: Developed the KyberWidget for ERC20 token swaps on any website, with CoinGecko being the first major project to use it on their popular site.
We have already posted about the introduction of the LBRY blockchain and the concept of this decentralized content freedom platform. We have also discussed early joining earning opportunities for you and you can grab as an early user of this platform.
If you don’t yet familiar with this evolving project in the blockchain world then it’s suggestive from us that read our previously posted articles on those topics which are the followup of this post to learn, In this quick instructing post. About How to withdraw or send, transfer your lbry coins if you have earned or receive through their reward program how you can convert them to your native currency and enjoy to spend them easily.
Join LBRY.tv and Earn LBC Coins
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How to Manage Your LBRY.tv Wallet?📷
As you know that lbry.tv has provided you a blockchain synced wallet where you receive your earnings and you send as well as transfer your funds in terms of LBC coins using LBRY blockchain. You can backup your wallet and also can restore your wallet independently which help you to secure your funds you want to again access your wallet funds you can access the platform and log in there through your email if your wallet is already synced with lbry server then you can see and access your funds directly if syncing is off then you need to restore wallet shortly.
Backup WalletYou can backup your wallet by just accessing your lbry.tv platform on either desktop application or through an android or IOS platform to turn to sync on or off based on your choices. The requirement of backup up your wallet on the desktop by just going to help section and scroll down then click on create backup option and then you will have saved your zip file of backup you can use it for your fund’s security and other restoration processes.
If you want to use their same lbry account different platforms then you can sync option for your own convenience.
LBRY Wallets Other Than LBRY AppSo it is just easy that you can store your earnings so far until you need to convert them into the local currency you can store and safe them into lbry simply app and access them simply from desktop to Android and other supportive platforms also perhaps if you want to store more separately or want an alternative to lbry apps simple wallet then the options are available you can use the following wallets other then lbry apps.
How to Withdraw Your LBC LBRY Credits Coins From lbry.tv?The coins you earned on lbry.tv which are actually LBC lbry credits which is a coin and native currency value of lbry platform and blockchain to transfer value and for other use cases. The lbry.tv platform offer you complete freedom of choice and doesn’t hold your funds in their wallet or servers the coins credits you can transfer directly and instantly to the wallet and you can transfer it immediately to any address of supportive LBC exchange or any other LBC blockchain wallet address.
So, therefore, there is no option of withdrawing because there is no minimum or selective day of withdrawing requirement compare to other centralized platforms. So furthermore now we need to consider how we can spend these earned coins because we cannot directly pay them to anyone and can exchange it with services and goods of value that’s why we need to exchange LBC to USD or your own region native fiat currency.
How to Exchange/Convert LBC to USD or Fiat Currency?The standard process of exchanging any currency to your native currency in the cryptocurrency market is to exchange any crypto to USD through supportive legitimate reputable well-known volume holding Cryptocurrencies either they are centralized or decentralize DEXs.
Current LBC Reputable Markets
Current Value Of LBC Against USD
LBRY Credits (LBC) 0.023857 USD (-6.49%)📷RANK
$10.40 M USD VOLUME
$704.74 K USDPowered by CoinMarketCap
You have two pairs of support on CoinEx exchange with LBC/BTC and LBC/USDT you can further convert it into Ethereum or any other crypto which you feel comfortable getting into fiat easily where local exchangers support is available.
If you have Skrill or Neteller Verified Account or Want to Create Your account then you can convert BTC, BCH, and Ethereum Directly Through BitPay support inside Skrill and cash out to your native wallet.
If you have any questions regarding LBRY.tv LBC coin or regarding any the blockchain of lbry or having any issue regarding the exchanging platform channel transfer issue or want the easy way of exchanging LBC to your native fiat currency easily then you can comment below we can assist you as much we can We highly appreciate your time to spend on curexmy.com hope this will valuable for you.
⟳ f-droid.org from Wed, 26 Feb 2020 20:21:50 GMT updated on Sun, 01 Mar 2020 05:23:29 GMT contains 2962 apps.Added (870)
As Coronavirus (COVID-19) wreaks havoc across the world, we hope that Parachuters are safe, at home and healthy. This has been a difficult few months for everyone. But we will get over it. So let’s spread some good vibes with an update filled with awesome news from the Parachuteverse. Here’s your week at Parachute + partners (6 Mar - 12 Mar'20):submitted by abhijoysarkar to ParachuteToken [link] [comments]
Starting off with a biggie. This week we crossed 1 million ParJar tips with a grand party in the Tiproom that left heads spinning and massive hangover. Haha! Click here for a sneak peek into the madness. Those who missed the party, woke up to 30k+ messages. And that happened within a couple of hours only. Wild! If that wasn’t enough, the TTR crew followed it up with a tiproom tipbattle with 6 teams (10 members each) fighting it out. Click here for the team lineups and rules. What ensued was a whirlwind comprising 80k+ tips. Double wild! LordHades shared the latest #FPL update according to which Novelcloud has now crossed LH to take second position. Alexis continues to be on top. If you’re already on BAGS token’s Dirty Bags platform, don’t forget to check out the Parachute posts over there. If you’re not on it yet, there’s $BAGS prizes for Parachuters who sign up. Bose’s random trivia in TTR got folks scratching their heads for answers.
A Gian food pic after ages. Though not cooked by him. Peruvian chicken. Yum!
Alejandro hosted a free-for-all CoD flash game in the Parachute War Zone followed by a battle royale. Congratulations to Clinton for being awarded the Bronze Seal of Transparency for his charity. GamrB0y’s trivia in TTR this week was based on science. Victor hosted a TTR quiz themed on MetaHumans. Charlotte’s math trivia was uber fun as always. Jobchain crew sponsored 750k $JOB as prizes for a round Robot Rise in the ParJar Gaming channel. Cap held a flash Parena this week. If you haven’t been keeping a tab on Parachute, you just missed on scoring some sweet $PAR. Like Achilleas almost did with his top prize. He won the finale but wasn't around to claim his 1st prize. So Bose snagged the winner’s spoils. But Cap being Cap made sure he didn’t miss out either. For Two-for-Tuesday this week, Gian got Parachuters to post music videos "featuring bands or songs that have a food or drink in their name". Like always, Sebastian was kind enough to compile a playlist with everyone’s posts. A flurry of beta testing activities related to Transak (fiat on/off ramp for ParJar) and swapping flung into action this week. For this week's #wholesomewed, Jason asked Parachuters "to draw a fierce non-existant creature that you would like as your champion in a parena".
What an amazing view Alexis!
In this week’s educational posts from aXpire, COO Matthew Markham wrote about the state of the legal tech market, the E-Billing industry, why legal billing software matters and artificial intelligence in law firm software. For the latest update video, click here. Still not sure what aXpire is all about? Check out their token overview and business presentation. The weekly 20k $AXPR token burn went ahead as per schedule. Insights from 2gether’s consumer report were published in a Cointelegraph article exploring women’s usage behaviour in crypto. For the full report on female users, click here. Euro deposits on the platform were briefly paused and subsequently restored because of a third party dependency. Upgrades were made to the $BTC transfer mechanism as well. But a high traffic issue led to a temporary stoppage of the crypto purchase feature. Birdchain released its 2 year roadmap. Few weeks back, we shared news of $BIRD being listed on Probit. CEO Joao Martins talked more about it in his video podcast this week. Probit also started a stake and earn event for $BIRD holders. Ethos’ parent company Voyager is now a sponsor of Scott Melker’s (The Wolf of All Streets) new podcast. For the latest Switch update, click here. Fantom announced the pre-launch of Fantom.finance which will be an end-to-end DeFi suite of products. The project has been killing it on its socials. Want to see proof? Check out the social metric graph mapped by LunarCRUSH. Michael made a weekly update video to catch up on all the latest news. Click here to read the latest technical update. Fantom also announced its involvement in Fusion Protocol’s decentralised custodian solution DCRM Alliance.
Interesting insights from 2gether’s female crypto users report
The new XIO website layout and a new set of article were released this week. Zachary did a deep dive into the new stuff with a 40 minute video. For this week’s #XIOSocial discussions, Citizens talked about underrated qualities of successful entrepreneurs and about progressive decentralisation. DigiByte joined Uptrennd this week with their own community on the platform. Uptrennd crew marked the occasion with a cool giveaway. Looking to join the team? Don’t forget to apply for the open positions. How has the platform been fairing in the last 3 months vis-à-vis other platforms? Check out the numbers. Plus, congrats on crossing 70k members. YouTuber Chico Crypto joined Uptrennd this week. District0x’s weekly update covers news such as the new District Designer, latest Dapp Digest etc. Meme Factory launched a new contest. Hydro integrated Plaid’s account verification and aggregation services to its platform this week. This was followed by additional integrations with KYC provider Onfido and financial data provider MX. Silent Notary crew has created a new fund for pursuing IDL’s listing opportunities. Looking for human connections during the Coronavirus lockdown? OST’s Pepo app now has a dedicated community channel for this. SelfKey’s Mobile Wallet was launched this week. CoinLoan joined SelfKey’s crypto lending marketplace. Moreover, crypto exchange Bitkub was added to the exchange marketplace. Plus, the team compiled a list of data breaches at Facebook.
The new Crowdstaking graphic explains how it is different from crowdfunding
Realtime market widgets and downloads page were added to the Sentivate social site this week along with a ton of other upgrades. The beta test of the platform has also been a success on Windows and Mac. The browser build is ongoing with a naming contest to begin soon. If you have been keeping your eyes open, BAGS crew have been hosting some fun quizzes in the Dirty Bags channel for $BAGS prizes. Make sure to have a look when you have a moment. Last year, around this time, Pynk won the startup pitch competition at Wolves Summit. This week, CEO Seth Ward and COO Rupert Barksfield shared 8 tips for aspirants. The community also discussed about Facebook’s Libra Alliance this week. CyberFM started a special playlist on the Spotlight Channel to celebrate Women’s History Month. Harmony showcased its transaction speed and fees compared to Ethereum through a video demo. Plus, a fast finality demonstration. Click here to read last week’s #pow thread. If you would rather watch the video update, click here. Founder Stephen Tse shared some more updates over live videos (1, 2, 3, 4). And kudos for being the most active project on GitHub last week. The crew sat down with Vite Labs for a community AMA. The roadmap towards launching Open Staking was published. It is currently in the second phase out of four phases. Testers and hackers were welcomed to participate in Stake Heist - try and break the open staking design on the Pangaea testnet for 10M $ONE tokens in prizes.
The Sentivate social site community dashboard looks fresh!
Intellishare founder Raymond Xiong will sit down for a community AMA next week. Folks who sent in questions could win 50 $INE tokens as well. GET Protocol’s GUTS Tickets featured in a list of recommended portals for safe ticket purchases by the Netherlands’ Police. As part of its ticketing transparency standards documentation series, developer Kasper Keunen wrote about nodes this week. The $COTI conversion bridge has been reopened with some limits to ensure fair chance for everyone looking to convert from mainnet to ERC20/BEP2 tokens. For the latest newsletter, click here. The new COTI explorer was released as well. Apart from simple wallet-to-wallet transactions, it also tracks merchant txns, bridge txns etc. The dev team also released a detailed article explaining its multi-currency (MultiDAG) framework. For the token deployment demo, click here.
And with that, it’s a close for this week in Parachute! See you again soon. Bye!
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